Jun.Prof. Dr. Sandra Khor Manickam


Professor of History
Ph.D., Australian National University


- PhD in History

The Australian National University (ANU), Division of Pacific and Asian History, Research School of Pacific and Asian Studies, March 2007 - December 2010

- Master of Arts in History

National University of Singapore (NUS), January 2003 - January 2005

- Bachelor of Arts in History / Bachelor of Arts in Economics

University of Southern California (USC), August 1996 - May 2000

Papers Published

"Situated thinking: Or how the science of race was socialised in British Malaya", Journal of Pacific History volume 47, issue 3, 2012, 283- 307.

"Common ground: Race and the colonial universe in British Malaya", Journal of Southeast Asian Studies, volume 40, issue 03, 2009, pp. 593-612.

"Africans in Asia: The discourse of 'Negritos' in early nineteenth century Southeast Asia", Responding to the West: Essays on Colonial Domination and Asian Agency, edited by Hans Hägerdal (Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press, 2009).

"Textbooks and nation construction in Malaysia", Asia-Pacific Forum No. 28 June 2005, Center for Asia-Pacific Area Studies, Academia Sinica, Taiwan: 78-89.

Papers Submitted

"Bridging the Race Barrier: Between “Sakai” and “Malays” in the Census Categorisations of British Malaya", submitted to Asian Studies Review for a special issue on Malaysia

Papers Presented


"Practices of Science and Knowledge of the Indigenous in British Malaya and Malaysia", Conference on Inter-Asian Connections III: Hong Kong (June 6-8, 2012), The Hong Kong Institute for Humanities and the Social Sciences (HKIHSS) at the University of Hong Kong



- "Researching and writing race: Differences in approaches", Religion Research Cluster Graduate Student Workshop: Religion, culture and Representation, National University of Singapore, 5 December 2011

- "Uncertain identities: A 19th-century anthropologist's observations on indigeneity", 13th Malaysia-Singapore Forum, Nation-State and Development in the 21st Century, National University of Singapore, 1-2 December 2011

- "Beyond Bengal and "Bring 'Em Back Alive", Dr. Sandra Khor Manickam and AP Tim Barnard, NUS Museum Talk & Film Screening Series, Singapore, 17 November 2011

- "A Russian in Malaya: Nikolai Miklouho-Maclay's Malaya expeditions (November 1874 - October 1875) and the early anthropology of Orang Asli", ARI-MBRAS Lecture, Asia Research Institute, Singapore, 8 October 2011

- "Meanings of indigeneity in Malaysia: Looking at the present and the past", Plenary Assembly III. Wa(h)re Rechte ? Zur Politik der Kulturellen Rechte / The Politics of Cultural Rights, with Verena Traeger (Wien), Ute Röschenthaler (Frankfurt), Elsa Stamatopoulou (Columbia University), Sam Deloria (American Indian Graduate Center, Albuquerque), Antoine Socpa (The University of Yaoundé I, Kamerun) and Vivian Arviso (Ways of Life: Iina, Arviso Educational Services, Inc.) German Anthropological Association (Deutsche Gesellschaft für Völkerkunde, DGV/GAA) Conference 2011 "Wa(h)re 'Kultur'" - Cultural Heritage, Revitalisation and the Renaissance of the Idea of Culture, Vienna, Austria (14 September 2011 - 17 September 2011)

- "Constructing indigenous peoples in Malay and English: Translation and the transmission of ideas in the Malay Peninsula", Presented at Goethe University, Frankfurt am Main (27 May 2011)



- "Racial gradations and blurred boundaries: The 'Sakai'-'Malay' continuum in colonial British Malaya", The 16th Malaysia and Singapore Society Colloquium: Power and Change in Malaysia and Singapore (10-11 December 2010), ANU, Canberra, Australia

- "Counting Aboriginal bodies in Malaya: Colonial government, the census and the protection of aborigines", 21st Conference of the International Association of Historians of Asia, National University of Singapore, Singapore, June 2010

- "The science of race and colonial conditions in Malaya", Race, Encounters, and the Constitution of Human Difference in Oceania (22 January 2010) Australian National University, Canberra