List of peer reviewed publications


F. Obersteiner, H. Bönisch, and A. Engel, An automated gas chromatography time-of-flight mass spectrometry instrument for the quantitative analysis of halocarbons in air, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 9, 179-194, doi:10.5194/amt-9-179-2016, 2016 (

Andreas Engel, Harald Bönisch, Tim Schwarzenberger, Hans-Peter Haase, Katja Grunow, Jana Abalichin, and Stephan Sala, Long-term validation of ESA operational retrieval (version 6.0) of MIPAS Envisat vertical profiles of methane, nitrous oxide, CFC11, and CFC12 using balloon-borne observations and trajectory matching, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 9, 1051-1062, doi:10.5194/amt-9-1051-2016, 2016 (

R. Hossaini, P. K. Patra, A. A. Leeson, G. Krysztofiak, N. L. Abraham, S. J. Andrews, A. T. Archibald, J. Aschmann, E. L. Atlas, D. A. Belikov, H. Bönisch, R. Butler, L. J. Carpenter, S. Dhomse, M. Dorf, A. Engel, L. Feng, W. Feng, S. Fuhlbrügge, P. T. Griffiths, N. R. P. Harris, R. Hommel, T. Keber, K. Krüger, S. T. Lennartz, S. Maksyutov, H. Mantle, G. P. Mills, B. Miller, S. A. Montzka, F. Moore, M. A. Navarro, D. E. Oram, P. I. Palmer, K. Pfeilsticker, J. A. Pyle, B. Quack, A. D. Robinson, E. Saikawa, A. Saiz-Lopez, S. Sala, B.-M. Sinnhuber, S. Taguchi, S. Tegtmeier, R. T. Lidster, C. Wilson, and F. Ziska, A multi-model intercomparison of halogenated very short-lived substances (TransCom-VSLS): linking oceanic emissions and tropospheric transport for a reconciled estimate of the stratospheric source gas injection of bromine, Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., doi:10.5194/acp-2015-822, 2016 (

M. Chirkov, G. P. Stiller, A. Laeng, S. Kellmann, T. von Clarmann, C. D. Boone, J. W. Elkins, A. Engel, N. Glatthor, U. Grabowski, C. M. Harth, M. Kiefer, F. Kolonjari, P. B. Krummel, A. Linden, C. R. Lunder, B. R. Miller, S. A. Montzka, J. Mühle, S. O'Doherty, J. Orphal, R. G. Prinn, G. Toon, M. K. Vollmer, K. A. Walker, R. F. Weiss, A. Wiegele, and D. Young, Global HCFC-22 measurements with MIPAS: retrieval, validation, global distribution and its evolution over 2005–2012, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 16, 334, 5-3368, doi:10.5194/acp-16-3345-2016, 2016 (


S. Müller, P. Hoor, H. Bozem, E. Gute, B. Vogel, A. Zahn, H. Bönisch, T. Keber, M. Krämer, C. Rolf, M. Riese, H. Schlager, and A. Engel, Impact of the Asian monsoon on the extratropical lower stratosphere: trace gas observations during TACTS over Europe 2012 Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 15, 34765-34812, doi:10.5194/acpd-15-34765-2015, 2015 (

Hoker, J., Obersteiner, F., Bönisch, H., and Engel, A.: Comparison of GC/time-of-flight MS with GC/quadrupole MS for halocarbon trace gas analysis, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 8, 2195-2206, doi:10.5194/amt-8-2195-2015, 2015 (

Eckert, E., Laeng, A., Lossow, S., Kellmann, S., Stiller, G., von Clarmann, T., Glatthor, N., Höpfner, M., Kiefer, M., Oelhaf, H., Orphal, J., Funke, B., Grabowski, U., Haenel, F., Linden, A., Wetzel, G., Woiwode, W., Bernath, P. F., Boone, C., Dutton, G. S., Elkins, J. W., Engel, A., Gille, J. C., Kolonjari, F., Sugita, T., Toon, G. C., and Walker, K. A.: MIPAS IMK/IAA CFC-11 (CCl3F) and CFC-12 (CCl2F2) measurements: accuracy, precision and long-term stability, Atmos. Meas. Tech. Discuss., 8, 7573-7662, 10.5194/amtd-8-7573-2015, 2015 (

Kaufmann, M., Blank, J., Guggenmoser, T., Ungermann, J., Engel, A., Ern, M., Friedl-Vallon, F., Gerber, D., Grooß, J. U., Guenther, G., Höpfner, M., Kleinert, A., Kretschmer, E., Latzko, T., Maucher, G., Neubert, T., Nordmeyer, H., Oelhaf, H., Olschewski, F., Orphal, J., Preusse, P., Schlager, H., Schneider, H., Schuettemeyer, D., Stroh, F., Suminska-Ebersoldt, O., Vogel, B., M. Volk, C., Woiwode, W., and Riese, M.: Retrieval of three-dimensional small-scale structures in upper-tropospheric/lower-stratospheric composition as measured by GLORIA, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 8, 81-95, 10.5194/amt-8-81-2015, 2015 (

A. Laeng, J. Plieninger, T. von Clarmann, U. Grabowski, G. Stiller, E. Eckert, N. Glatthor, F. Haenel, S. Kellmann, M. Kiefer, A. Linden, S. Lossow, L. Deaver, A. Engel, M. Hervig, I. Levin, M. McHugh, S. Noël, G. Toon, and K. Walker, Validation of MIPAS IMK/IAA methane profiles, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 8, 5251-5261, doi:10.5194/amt-8-5251-2015, 2015 (

Wetzel, G., Oelhaf, H., Birk, M., de Lange, A., Engel, A., Friedl-Vallon, F., Kirner, O., Kleinert, A., Maucher, G., Nordmeyer, H., Orphal, J., Ruhnke, R., Sinnhuber, B. M., and Vogt, P.: Partitioning and budget of inorganic and organic chlorine species observed by MIPAS-B and TELIS in the Arctic in March 2011, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 15, 8065-8076, 10.5194/acp-15-8065-2015, 2015 (


Jurkat, T, Voigt, C., Kaufmann, S., Zahn, A., Sprenger, M., Hoor, P., Bozem, H. Muller, S., Doernbrack, A., Schlager, H., Boenisch, H., Engel, A.A quantitative analysis of stratospheric HCl, HNO3, and O-3 in the tropopause region near the subtropical jet.  GRL, Volume:41, Issue:9, Pages:3315-3321, DOI:10.1002/2013GL059159, Published:MAY 16 2014 (

Ray, E. A., Moore, F. L., Rosenlof, K. H., Davis, S. M., Sweeney, C., Tans, P., Wang, T., Elkins, J. W., Bönisch, H., Engel, A., Sugawara, S., Nakazawa, T., and Aoki, S.: Improving stratospheric transport trend analysis based on SF6 and CO2 measurements, Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 119, 14,110-114,128, 10.1002/2014JD021802, 2014.

Sala, S., Bönisch, H., Keber, T., Oram, D. E., Mills, G., and Engel, A.: Deriving an atmospheric budget of total organic bromine using airborne in situ measurements from the western Pacific area during SHIVA, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 14, 6903-6923, doi:10.5194/acp-14-6903-2014, 2014 (

Hall, B. D., Engel, A., Mühle, J., Elkins, J. W., Artuso, F., Atlas, E., Aydin, M., Blake, D., Brunke, E.-G., Chiavarini, S., Fraser, P. J., Happell, J., Krummel, P. B., Levin, I., Loewenstein, M., Maione, M., Montzka, S. A., O'Doherty, S., Reimann, S., Rhoderick, G., Saltzman, E. S., Scheel, H. E., Steele, L. P., Vollmer, M. K., Weiss, R. F., Worthy, D., and Yokouchi, Y.: Results from the International Halocarbons in Air Comparison Experiment (IHALACE), Atmos. Meas. Tech., 7, 469-490, doi:10.5194/amt-7-469-2014, 2014 (

M. Ghysels, L. Gomezb, J. Cousina, H. Tranc, N. Amarouchef, A. Engel, I. Levine, and G. Durrya: Temperature dependences of air-broadening, air-narrowing and line-mixing coefficients of the methane ν3 R(6) manifold lines—Application to in-situ measurements of atmospheric methane, JOURNAL OF QUANTITATIVE SPECTROSCOPY & RADIATIVE TRANSFER, Volume:133, Pages:206-216, DOI:10.1016/j.jqsrt.2013.08.003, Published:JAN 2014 (

Tilgner, A., Schöne, L., Bräuer, P., van Pinxteren, D., Hoffmann, E., Spindler, G., Styler, S. A., Mertes, S., Birmili, W., Otto, R., Merkel, M., Weinhold, K., Wiedensohler, A., Deneke, H., Schrödner, R., Wolke, R., Schneider, J., Haunold, W., Engel, A., Wéber, A., and Herrmann, H.: Comprehensive assessment of meteorological conditions and airflow connectivity during HCCT-2010, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 14, 9105-9128, 10.5194/acp-14-9105-2014, 2014 (


Engel A. and Atlas E.L., Authors), L., Bernath, P. F., Bönisch, H., Brown, A., Laube, J., Minschwaner, K. R., Montzka, S. A., O’Doherty, S., Prinn, R. G., Rigby, M., Schauffler, S. M., Volk, C. M., and Yvon-Lewis, S.: Inferred Lifetimes from Observed Trace-Gas Distributions, in SPARC Report N°6 (2013) Lifetimes of Stratospheric Ozone-Depleting Substances, Their Replacements, and Related Species; edited by M. K. W. Ko, P. A. Newman, S. Reimann, and S. E. Strahan, 2013.

Ko, M. K. W., Newman, P., Reimann, S., Strahan, S. E., Atlas, E. L., Burkholder, J. B., Chipperfield, M., Engel, A., Liang, Q., Mellouki, W., Plumb, R. A., Stolarski, R. S., and Volk, C. M.: Recommended Values for Steady-State Atmospheric Lifetimes and their Uncertainties , in SPARC Report N°6 (2013) Lifetimes of Stratospheric Ozone-Depleting Substances, Their Replacements, and Related Species; edited by M. K. W. Ko, P. A. Newman, S. Reimann, and S. E. Strahan, 2013.

P. D. Hamer, V. Marécal, R. Hossaini, M. Pirre, N. Warwick, M. Chipperfield, A. A. Samah, N. Harris, A. Robinson, B. Quack, A. Engel, K. Krüger, E. Atlas, K. Subramaniam, D. Oram, E. Leedham, G. Mills, K. Pfeilsticker, S. Sala, T. Keber, H. Bönisch, L. K. Peng, M. S. M. Nadzir, P. T. Lim, A. Mujahid, A. Anton, H. Schlager, V. Catoire, G. Krysztofiak, S. Fühlbrügge, M. Dorf, and W. T. Sturges, Modelling the chemistry and transport of bromoform within a sea breeze driven convective system during the SHIVA Campaign, Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 13, 20611-20676, 2013.

Hossaini, R., Mantle, H., Chipperfield, M. P., Montzka, S. A., Hamer, P., Ziska, F., Quack, B., Krüger, K., Tegtmeier, S., Atlas, E., Sala, S., Engel, A., Bönisch, H., Keber, T., Oram, D., Mills, G., Ordóñez, C., Saiz-Lopez, A., Warwick, N., Liang, Q., Feng, W., Moore, F., Miller, B. R., Marécal, V., Richards, N. A. D., Dorf, M., and Pfeilsticker, K.: Evaluating global emission inventories of biogenic bromocarbons, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13, 11819-11838, doi:10.5194/acp-13-11819-2013, 2013 (

Tegtmeier, S., Krüger, K., Quack, B., Atlas, E., Blake, D. R., Boenisch, H., Engel, A., Hepach, H., Hossaini, R., Navarro, M. A., Raimund, S., Sala, S., Shi, Q., and Ziska, F.: The contribution of oceanic methyl iodide to stratospheric iodine, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13, 11869-11886, doi:10.5194/acp-13-11869-2013, 2013 (

G. Pieterse, M. C. Krol, A. M. Batenburg, C. A. M. Brenninkmeijer, M. E. Popa, S. O'Doherty, A. Grant, L. P. Steele, P. B. Krummel, R. L. Langenfelds, H. J. Wang, A. T. Vermeulen, M. Schmidt, C. Yver, A. Jordan, A. Engel, R. E. Fisher, D. Lowry, E. G. Nisbet, S. Reimann, M. K. Vollmer, M. Steinbacher, S. Hammer, G. Forster, W. T. Sturges, T. Röckmann: Reassessing the variability in atmospheric H2 using the two-way nested TM5 model, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 118, 3764–3780 doi:10.1002/jgrd.50204.

Laube, J. C., Keil, A., Bönisch, H., Engel, A., Röckmann, T., Volk, C. M., and Sturges, W. T.: Observation-based assessment of stratospheric fractional release, lifetimes, and ozone depletion potentials of ten important source gases, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13, 2779-2791, doi:10.5194/acp-13-2779-2013, 2013 (


Brinckmann, S., Engel, A., Bönisch, H., Quack, B., and Atlas, E.: Short-lived brominated hydrocarbons – observations in the source regions and the tropical tropopause layer, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 12, 1213-1228, doi:10.5194/acp-12-1213-2012, 2012. (


Röckmann, T., Brass, M., Borchers, R., and Engel, A.: The isotopic composition of methane in the stratosphere: high-altitude balloon sample measurements, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 13287-13304, doi:10.5194/acp-11-13287-2011, 2011 (

Messerschmidt, J., Geibel, M. C., Blumenstock, T., Chen, H., Deutscher, N. M., Engel, A., Feist, D. G., Gerbig, C., Gisi, M., Hase, F., Katrynski, K., Kolle, O., Lavrič, J. V., Notholt, J., Palm, M., Ramonet, M., Rettinger, M., Schmidt, M., Sussmann, R., Toon, G. C., Truong, F., Warneke, T., Wennberg, P. O., Wunch, D., and Xueref-Remy, I.: Calibration of TCCON column-averaged CO2: the first aircraft campaign over European TCCON sites, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 10765-10777, doi:10.5194/acp-11-10765-2011, 2011 (

H. Bönisch, A. Engel, Th. Birner, P. Hoor, D. W. Tarasick, and E. A. Ray: On the structural changes in the Brewer-Dobson circulation after 2000, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 3937-3948, 2011 (

C. E. Yver, I. C. Pison, A. Fortems-Cheiney, M. Schmidt, F. Chevallier, M. Ramonet, A. Jordan, O. A. Søvde, A. Engel, R. E. Fisher, D. Lowry, E. G. Nisbet, I. Levin, S. Hammer, J. Necki, J. Bartyzel, S. Reimann, M. K. Vollmer, M. Steinbacher, T. Aalto, M. Maione, J. Arduini, S. O'Doherty, A. Grant, W. T. Sturges, G. L. Forster, C. R. Lunder, V. Privalov, N. Paramonova, A. Werner, and P. Bousquet:  A new estimation of the recent tropospheric molecular hydrogen budget using atmospheric observations and variational inversion, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 3375-3392, 2011 (

Bönisch, H., A. Engel, Th. Birner, P. Hoor, D. W. Tarasick, and E. A. Ray, On the structural changes in the Brewer-Dobson circulation after 2000, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 3937-3948, 2011 (


Laube, J., J.Kaiser, W.T.Sturges, H. Bönisch and A.Engel, Chlorine isotope fractionation in the stratosphere, Science, 329, 1167, 2010 DOI: 10.1126/science.1191809 (

Levin, I., T. Naegler, R. Heinz, D. Osusko, E. Cuevas, A. Engel, J. Ilmberger, R. L. Langenfelds, B. Neininger, C. v. Rohden, L. P. Steele, R. Weller, D. E. Worthy, S. A. Zimov , The global SF6source inferred from long-term high precision atmospheric measurements and its comparison with emission inventories, Atmos. Chem. Phys. 10, 2655-2662, 2010 ( .  

Laube, J.C., P. Martinerie, E.Witrant, T.Blunier, J.Schwander, C.A.M. Brenninkmeijer, T. J. Schuck, M. Bolder, T. Röckmann, C. van der Veen, H. Bönisch, A.Engel, G.P.Mills, M.J.Newland, D.E.Oram, C.E.Reeves, and W.T. Sturges, Accelerating growth of HFC-227ea (1,1,1,2,3,3,3-Heptafluoropropane) in the atmosphere, Atmos. Chem. Phys. ,10, 5903-5910, 2010 (  

Laube, J.C., A. Engel, H. Bönisch, T. Möbius, W. T. Sturges, M. Braß, and T. Röckmann, Corrigendum to "Fractional release factors of long-lived halogenated organic compounds in the tropical stratosphere" published in Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 1093–1103, 2010, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 4975-4975, 2010 (

Laube, J.C., A. Engel, H. Bönisch, T. Möbius, W. T. Sturges, M. Braß, and T. Röckmann: Fractional release factors of long-lived halogenated organic compounds in the tropical stratosphere, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 1093-1103, 2010 (

G. Wetzel, H. Oelhaf, O. Kirner, R. Ruhnke, F. Friedl-Vallon, A. Kleinert, G.Maucher, H. Fischer, M. Birk, G. Wagner and A. Engel,  02 Feb 2010: First remote sensing measurements of ClOOCl along with ClO and ClONO2in activated and deactivated Arctic vortex conditions using new ClOOCl IR absorption cross sections, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 931-945, 2010 (


Engel, A., T. Möbius, H. Bönisch, U. Schmidt, R. Heinz, I. Levin, E. Atlas, S. Aoki, T. Nakazawa, S. Sugawara, F. Moore, D. Hurst, J. Elkins, S. Schauffler, A.Andrews, K.Boering, Age of stratospheric air unchanged within uncertainties over the past 30 years, Nature Geoscience, 2, 28-31 (2009)doi:10.1038/ngeo388 (A Engel et al-ngeo-2008).

P. Bergamaschi, C. Frankenberg, J.F. Meirink, M. Krol, M.G. Villani, S. Houweling, F. Dentener, E.J. Dlugokencky, J.B. Miller, A. Engel, and I. Levin, Inverse modeling of global and regional CH4emissions using SCIAMACHY satellite retrievals, J. Geophys. Res.   114, D22301, doi:10.1029/2009JD012287, 2009.

Bönisch, H., Engel, A., Curtius, J., Birner, Th., and Hoor, P.: Quantifying transport into the lowermost stratosphere using simultaneous in-situ measurements of SF6and CO2, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 9, 5905-5919, 2009 (

Payan, S., C. Camy-Peyret, H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, G. Maucher, C. Keim, M. Pirre, N. Huret, A. Engel, M. C. Volk, H. Kuellmann, J. Kuttippurath, U. Cortesi, G. Bianchini, F. Mencaraglia, P. Raspollini, G. Redaelli,C. Vigouroux, M. De Maziere, S. Mikuteit, T. Blumenstock, V. Velazco,J. Notholt, M. Mahieu, P. Duchatelet, D. Smale, S. Wood, N. Jones,C. Piccolo, V. Payne, A. Bracher, N. Glatthor, G. Stiller, K. Grunow,P. Jeseck, Y. Te1, K. Pfeilsticker, and A. Butz, Validation of Version 4.61 methane and nitrous oxide observed by MIPAS, Atmos. Chem. Phys.  9, 413-442, 2009 (


Stiller, G.P., T. von Clarmann, M. Höpfner, N. Glatthor, U. Grabowski, S. Kellmann, A. Kleinert, A. Linden, M. Milz, T. Reddmann, T. Steck, H. Fischer, B. Funke, M. López-Puertas, and A. Engel, Global distribution of mean age of stratospheric air from MIPAS SF6measurements, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 8, 677-695, 2008 (  

Bönisch, H., P. Hoor, Ch.Gurk, W. Feng, M. Chipperfield, A. Engel, and B. Bregman, Model evaluation of CO2and SF6in the extratropical UT/LS region, J. Geophys. Res., 113, D06101, doi:10.1029/2007JD008829., 2008 (Boenisch_2007JD008829).

Laube, J. and A. Engel, First atmospheric observations of three chlorofluorocarbons, Atmos. Chem. Phys.Disscuss. 8, 5143-5149 , 2008 (

Laube, J., A. Engel, H. Bönisch, T. Möbius, D. Worton, W. Sturges, K. Grunow, and U. Schmidt: Contribution of very short-lived organic substances to stratospheric chlorine and bromine in the tropics – a case study, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 8, 8491-8515, 2008

J.-U. Grooß, R. Müller, P. Konopka, H.-M. Steinhorst, A. Engel, T. Möbius, and C. M. Volk: The impact of transport across the polar vortex edge on Match ozone loss estimates, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 8, 565-578, 2008 (


Müller, R., S. Tilmes, J.-U. Grooß, A. Engel, H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, N. Huret, M. Pirre, V. Catoire, G. Toon, and H. Nakajima, Impact of mesospheric intrusions on ozone–tracer relations in the stratospheric polar vortex, Journ. Geophys. Res.,  112, D23307, doi:10.1029/2006JD008315, 2007 .

Butz, A.,H. Bösch, C. Camy-Peyret, M. Dorf, A. Engel, S. Payan, K. Pfeilsticker, Observational constraints on the kinetics of the ClO-BrO and ClO-ClO ozone loss cycles in the Arctic winter, Geophys. Res. Lett., 34, L05801, doi:10.1029/2006GL028718., 2007.

D. M. Cunnold, C. Clerbaux, J. Anderson, P. Bernath, A. Engel, P. J. Fraser, E. Mahieu, A. Manning, J. Miller, S. A. Montzka, R. Prinn, S. Reimann, C. P. Rinsland, P. Simmonds, D. Verdonik, D. Wuebbles, Y. Yokouchi, World Meteorological Organization: Scientific assessment of Ozone depletion: 2006, Chapt.1: Long-Lived Ozone-Depleting Substances, Global Ozone Research and Monitoring Project–Report No. 50, Geneva, 2007.

Konopka, P., Engel, A., Funke, B., Müller, R., Groß, J.-U., Günther, G., Wetter, Th. Stiller, G., v.Clarmann, Th., Glathor, N., Oelhaf, H., Wetzel, G., Lopez-Puertas, M., Pirre, M., Huret, N., and Riese, M., Ozone loss driven by nitrogen oxides and triggered by stratospheric warmings can outweigh the effect of halogens, J. Geophys. Res., 112, D05105, doi:10.1029/2006JD007064, 2007.


Engel, A., T. Möbius, H.-P. Haase, H. Bönisch, T. Wetter, U. Schmidt, I. Levin, T. Reddmann, H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, K. Grunow, N. Huret, M. Pirre, Observation of mesospheric air inside the arctic stratospheric polar vortex in early 2003, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 6, 267-282, 2006 (

Engel, A., H. Bönisch, D. Brunner, H. Fischer, H. Franke, G. Günther, C. Gurk, M. Hegglin, P. Hoor, R. Königstedt, M. Krebsbach, R. Maser, U. Parchatka, T. Peter, D. Schell, C. Schiller, U. Schmidt, N. Spelten, T. Szabo, U. Weers, H. Wernli, T. Wetter, V. Wirth, Highly resolved observations of trace gases in the lowermost stratosphere and upper troposphere from the Spurt project: an overview, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 6, 283-301, 2006

M. Dorf, H. Bösch, A. Butz, C. Camy-Peyret, M. P. Chipperfield, A. Engel, F. Goutail, K. Grunow, F. Hendrick, S. Hrechanyy, B. Naujokat, J.-P. Pommereau, M. Van Roozendael, C. Sioris, F. Stroh, F. Weidner, K. Pfeilsticker, Balloon-borne stratospheric BrO measurements: comparison with Envisat/SCIAMACHY BrO limb profiles, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 6, 2483-2501, 2006

Kaiser, J., A. Engel, R. Borchers, T. Röckmann, Probing stratospheric transport and chemistry with new balloon and aircraft observations of the meridional and vertical N2O isotope distribution, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 6, 3535-3556, 2006 (

Tilmes, S., R. Müller, A. Engel, M. Rex, and J. M. Russell, III, Chemical ozone loss in the Arctic and Antarctic stratosphere between 1992 and 2005, Geophys. Res. Lett., 33, L20812, doi:10.1029/2006GL026925, 2006.

Rohs, S., Schiller, C., Riese, M, Engel, A., Schmidt, U., Wetter, T., Levin, I., Nakazawa, T., Aoki, S., Long-term changes of methane and hydrogen in the stratosphere in the period 1978-2003 and their impact on the abundance of stratospheric water vapor, J. Geophys. Res., 111, D14315, 2006 (Rohs_2005JD006877).


Robinson , A.D., G. A. Millard , F. Danis , M. Guirlet , N. R. P. Harris , A. M. Lee , J. D. McIntyre , J. A. Pyle , J. Arvelius , S. Dagnesjo , S. Kirkwood , H. Nilsson , D. W. Toohey , T. Deshler , F. Goutail , J. -P. Pommereau , J. W. Elkins , F. Moore , E. Ray , U. Schmidt , A. Engel , M. Müller , Ozone loss derived from balloon-borne tracer measurements in the 1999/2000 Arctic winter, Atmos. Chem. Phys.,   5,1423-1436, 2005 (

Vogel, B. , Müller, R. , Engel, A. , Grooß, J. -U. , Toohey, D. , Woyke, T. and Stroh, F. , Midlatitude ClO during the maximum atmospheric chlorine burden: in situ balloon measurements and model simulations, Atmos. Chem. Phys.,   5, 1623-1638, 2005  

Kuell, V., D. Offermann, M. Jarisch, B. Schaeler, A. Engel, H. Claude, H. G. J. Smit, A. Ebel, and H. Feldmann, Tropopause region temperatures and CFC 11 mixing ratios from CRISTA 2, J. Geophys. Res., 110, D16104, doi:10.1029/2004JD005592, 2005.


Khosrawi, F.; R. Müller, H. Irie, A. Engel, G.C. Toon, B. Sen, S. Aoki, T. Nakazawa, W.A. Traub, K.W. Jucks, D.G. Johnson, H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, T. Sugita, H. Kanzawa, T. Yokota, H. Nakajima, Y. Sasano, Validation of CFC-12 measurements from the Improved Limb Atmospheric Spectrometer (ILAS) with the version 6.0 retrieval algorithm, J. Geophys. Res., Vol., 109, No. D6, D06311 10.1029/2003JD004325, 2003.


Kanzawa, H., T. Sugita, H. Nakajima, G.E. Bodeker, H. Oelhaf, M. Stowasser, G. Wetzel, A. Engel, U. Schmidt, I. Levin, G.C. Toon, B. Sen, J.-F. Blavier, S. Aoki, T. Nakazawa, K.W. Jucks, D.G. Johnson, W.A. Traub, C. Camy-Peyret, S. Payan, P. Jeseck, I. Murata, H. Fukunishi, M. von König, H. Bremer, H. Küllmann, J.H. Park, L.L. Pan, T. Yokota, M. Suzuki, M. Shiotani and Y. Sasano, Validation and data characteristics of nitrous oxide and methane profiles observed by the Improved Limb Atmospheric Spectrometer (ILAS) and processed with the Version 5.20 algorithm, J. Geophys. Res., 108, 10.1029/2002JD002458,2003.

Röckmann, T., T.S. Rhee and A. Engel, Heavy hydrogen in the stratosphere, Atmos.Chem.Phys., 3, 2015-2023, 2003 (

Scheeren, H.A., H. Fischer, J. Lelieveld, P. Hoor, J. Rudolph, F. Arnold, B. Bregman, C. Brühl, A. Engel, C. van der Veen and D. Brunner, Reactive organic species in the northern extratropical lowermost stratosphere: Seasonal variability and implications for OH, J. Geophys. Res., 108, 10.1029/2003JD003650, 2003.


Engel, A., Strunk, M., Müller, M., Haase, H.-P., Poss, C., Levin, I., and U. Schmidt., The temporal development of total chlorine in the high latitude stratosphere based on reference distributions of mean age derived from CO2and SF6J. Geophys. Res. 107, 10.1029/2001JD000584, 2002 (Engel_2001JD000584.pdf).

Greenblatt, Jeffery B.; Jost, Hans-Jürg; Loewenstein, Max; Podolske, James R.; Bui, T. Paul; Hurst, Dale F.; Elkins, James W.; Herman, Robert L.; Webster, Christopher R.; Schauffler, Sue M.; Atlas, Elliot L.; Newman, Paul A.; Lait, Leslie R.; Müller, Melanie; Engel, Andreas; Schmidt, Ulrich, Defining the polar vortex edge from an N2O:potential temperature correlation, J. Geophys. Res., 107, 10.1029/2001JD000575, 2002.

Greenblatt, Jeffery B.; Jost, Hans-Jürg; Loewenstein, Max; Podolske, James R.; Hurst, Dale F.; Elkins, James W.; Schauffler, Sue M.; Atlas, Elliot L.; Herman, Robert L.; Webster, Christopher R.; Bui, T. Paul; Moore, Fred L.; Ray, Eric A.; Oltmans, Samuel; Vömel, Holger; Blavier, Jean-François; Sen, Bhaswar; Stachnik, Robert A.; Toon, Geoffrey C.; Engel, Andreas; Müller, Melanie; Schmidt, Ulrich; Bremer, Holger; Pierce, R. Bradley; Sinnhuber, Björn-Martin; Chipperfield, Martyn; Lefèvre, Franck, Tracer-based determination of vortex descent in the 1999/2000 Arctic winter, J. Geophys. Res., 107, 10.1029/2001JD000937, 2002.

Schiller, C., R. Bauer, F. Cairo, T. Deshler, A. Dörnbrack, J. Elkins, A. Engel, H. Flentje, N. Larsen, I. Levin, M. Müller, S. Oltmans, H. Ovarlez, J. Ovarlez, J. Schreiner, F. Stroh, C. Voigt, H. Vömel, Dehydration in The Arctic stratosphere during the SOLVE/THESEO-2000 campaigns, J. Geophys. Res. 107, 10.1029/2001JD000463,2002

J.-U. Grooß, G. Günther, P. Konopka, R. Müller, D.S. McKenna, F. Stroh, B. Vogel, A. Engel, M. Müller, K. Hoppel, R. Bevilacqua, E. Richard, R.M. Stimpfle, C.R. Webster, J.W. Elkins, D.F. Hurst, P.A. Romashkin, and D.G. Baumgardner: Simulation of ozone depletion in spring 2000 with the chemical Lagragian Model of the Stratosphere (ClaMS), J. Geophys. Res., 107, 10.1029/2001JD000667, 2002.


Bujok, O., Tan, V., Klein, E., Nopper, R., Bauer, R., Engel, A., Gerhards, M.-T., Afchine, A., McKenna, D.S., Schmidt, U., Wienhold, F.G., Fischer, H., GHOST – a novel airborne gas chromatograph for in situ measurements of long-lived tracers in the lower stratosphere: Method and Applications, J. Atm. Chem., 39, 2001, 37-64.

Müller, R., U.Schmidt, A. Engel, D.S. McKenna and M.H. Proffitt, The O3/N2O relation from balloon-borne observations, Q.J.R.Meteorol. Soc., 127, 2001, 1389-1412 (Mueller_N2O_O3_2001.pdf).


Engel,A., R.Müller, U.Schmidt, K.S. Carslaw and R.A. Stachnik, Indications of heterogeneous chlorine activation on moderately cold aerosol based on chlorine observations in the Arctic stratosphere, Atm. Env., 34, 4283-4289, 2000.

Strunk, M., A. Engel, U. Schmidt, C.M. Volk, T. Wetter, I. Levin and H. Glatzel-Mattheier, CO2and SF6as stratospheric age tracers: consistency and the effect of mesospheric loss, Geophys. Res. Lett., 27, 341-344, 2000.

Pfeilsticker, K., W.T Sturges, H. Bösch, C. Camy-Peyret, M.P. Chipperfield, A. Engel, R. Fitzenberger, M. Müller, S. Payan, and B.-M. Sinnhuber, Lower stratospheric organic and inorganic bromine budget for the Arctic winter 1998/99, Geophys. Res. Lett. 27, 3305 – 3308, 2000.

Sturges, W.T., D. E. Oram, L. J. Carpenter, A. Engel, and S. A. Penkett, Bromoform as a source of bromine to the stratosphere, Geophys. Res. Lett., 27, 2081-2084, 2000.

Sturges, W.T., T.J. Wallington, M.D. Hurley, K.P Shine, K. Sihra, A. Engel, D.E. Oram, S.A. Penkett, R. Mulvaney, and C.A.M. Brenninkmeijer, A Potent New Greenhouse Gas Identified in the Atmosphere: SF5CF3,. Science, 289, 611-613, 2000. 


Kondo, Y., M.Koike, A.Engel, U.Schmidt, M.Müller, T.Sugita, H.Kanzawa, T.Nakazawa, S.Aoki, H.Irie, N.Toriyama, T.Suzuki and Y.Sasano, NOy-N2O correaltion observed inside the Arctic vortex in February 1997: Dynamical and chemical effects, J. Geophys. Res., 104, 8215-8224, 1999.

Zöger, M., A.Engel, D.S.McKenna, C.Schiller, U.Schmidt and T.Woyke, Balloon-borne in situ measurements of stratospheric H2O, CH4and H2at midlatitudes, J. Geophys. Res. ,104, 1817-1825, 1999.

Woyke, T, R.Müller, F.Stroh, D.S.McKenna, A.Engel, J.J.Margitan, M.Rex and K.S.Carlaw, A test of our understanding of the ozone chemistry in the Arctic polar vortex based on in-situ measurements of ClO, BrO and O3in the 1994/95 winter , J. Geophys. Res., 104, 18,755-18,768, 1999.

Prinn, R.G., R. Zander, D.M. Cunnold, J.W. Elkins, A.Engel, P.J.Fraser, M.R.Gunson, M.K.W.Ko, E.Mahieu, P.M.Midgley, J.M.Russel III, C.M.Volk and R.F. Weiss, Long-lived ozone related compounds, in Scientific Assessment of Ozone Depletion: 1998, World Meteorological Organisation Report No. 44, Geneva, 1999.

Stachnik, R.A., R. Salawitch, A. Engel and U. Schmidt, Measurements of chlorine partitioning in the winter Arctic stratosphere, , Geophys. Res. Lett., 26, 3093-3096, 1999.

Pierson, J.M., McKinney, K.A., Toohey, D.W., Margitan, J., Schmidt, U., Engel, A., and Newman, P.A., An investigation of ClO Photochemistry in the chemically perturbed Arctic Vortex., J. Atm. Chem., 32, 61-81, 1999.


Orsolini, Y.J., G.L. Manney, A. Engel, J. Ovarlez, C. Claud and L. Coy, Layering in stratospheric profiles of long lived trace species: Balloon borne observations and modelling, J. Geophys. Res., 103, 5815 – 5825, 1998.

Sugita, T., Y.Kondo, H. Nakajima, U. Schmidt, A. Engel, H. Oelhaf, and G. Wetzel, M.Koike and P. Newman, Denitrification observed inside the Arctic vortex in February 1995, J. Geophys. Res., 103, 16221-16233, 1998.

Bujok, O., Tan, V., Klain, E., Bauer, R., McKenna, D.S., Engel, A., Schmidt, U., In-situ measurements of long lived tracers in the tropopause region: a novel automated airborne gas chromatograph., Proceedings of the Quadrenial Ozone Symposium, l´Aquila, Italy, 12-21 September 1996, Editors: R.D.Bojkov and G.Visconti, 477-480, 1998.

Wamsley, P. R., Elkins, J. W., Fahey, D. W., Dutton, G. S., Volk, C. M., Myers, R. C., Montzka, S. A., Butler, J. H., Clarke, A. D., Fraser, P. J., Steele, L. P., Lucarelli, M. P., Atlas, E. L., Schauffler, S. M., Blake, D. R., Rowland, F. S., Sturges, W. T., Lee, J. M., Penkett, S. A., Engel, A., Stimpfle, R. M., Chan, K. R., Weisenstein, D. K., Ko, M. K. W., Salawitch, R. J.. Distribution of halon-1211 in the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere and the 1994 total bromine budget, J. Geophys. Res. ,103, 1513 - 1526, 1998.

Engel, A., U. Schmidt and D. McKenna, Stratospheric trends of CFC-12 over the past two decades: recent observational evidence of declining growth rates, Geophys. Res. Lett., 25, 3319-3322, 1998.


Engel, A., U.Schmidt and R.A. Stachnik, Partitioning between chlorine reservoir species deduced from observations in the Arctic winter stratosphere, J. Atm. Chem, 27, 107-126, 1997.

Hartmann, J.-M., Kochel, S. Payan, C. Camy-Peyret and A. Engel, CCl2F2mixing ratio profiles in the 1995 late winter arctic vortex from balloon-borne spectra, Geophys. Res. Lett., 24, 2367 – 2370, 1997.


Engel, A., C. Schiller, U. Schmidt, R. Borchers, H. Ovarlez and J. Ovarlez: The total hydrogen budget in the Arctic winter stratosphere during EASOE, J. Geophys. Res. 101, 14495-14504, 1996.

Schiller, C., A. Engel, U. Schmidt, R. Borchers and J. Ovarlez: The partitioning of hydrogen species in the Arctic winter stratosphere: implications for microphysical parameters, J. Geophys. Res., 101, 14489-14494, 1996

Zander, R., E. Mahieu, M.R. Gunson, M.C. Abrams, A.Y. Chang, M. Abbas, C. Aellig, A. Engel, A. Goldman, F.W. Irion, N. Kämpfer, H.A. Michelsen, M.J. Newchurch, C.P. Rinsland, R.J. Salawitch, G.P. Stiller, and G.C. Toon., the 1994 northern midlatitude budget of stratospheric chlorine derived from ATMOS/ATLAS-3 observations, Geophys. Res. Lett. 23, 2357 - 2360, 1996.

Kondo, Y., U. Schmidt, T. Sugita, A. Engel, M. Koike, P. Aimedieu, M.R. Gunson and J. Rodriguez, NOycorrelation with N2O and CH4in the Midlatitude Stratosphere, Geophys. Res. Lett. 23, 2369 - 2372, 1996.


von Clarman, T., A.Linden, H.Oelhaf, H.Fischer, F.Friedel-Vallon, C.Piesch, M.Seefeldner, W.Völker, R.Bauer, A. Engel und U.Schmidt: Determination of the stratospheric organic chlorine budget in the spring arctic vortex from MIPAS-B limb emission spectra and air sampling experiments., J. Geophys. Res. 100, 13979 - 997, 1995.

Lee, J.M., W.T. Sturges, S.A. Penkett, D.E. Oram, U. Schmidt, A.Engel and R. Bauer, Observed stratospheric profiles and stratospheric lifetimes of HCFC 141b and HCFC 142b, Geophys. Res. Let. 22, 1369 - 1372, 1995


Bauer, R., A.Engel, H.Franken, G.Kulessa, C.Schiller, U.Schmidt, R.Borchers und J.Lee, Monitoring the vertical structure of the arctic polar vortex over northern Scandinavia during EASOE: regular N2O profile observations, Geophys.Res.Let. 21, 1211- 14, 1994

Schmidt, U., A.Engel, R.Bauer, R.Borchers, J.Lee, The variation of available chlorine, Cly in the arctic polar vortex derived from regular profile observations of CCl2F2(CFC12) during EASOE, Geophys.Res.Let. 21, 1215 - 18, 1994

Engel, A. und U. Schmidt, Vertical profile measurements of COS in the stratosphere, Geophys.Res.Let. 21, 2219 - 2222, 1994


Sauer, M., A. Engel und H. Lueken, Synthese platinreicher Al-Pt-Verbindungen durch Reaktionen im System Pt/AlI3/I2, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 183, 281-287, 1992