Lecture series im Sommersemester 2021
They create spaces and mark an ‘inside’ and an ‘outside’. They simultaneously separate and connect and offer a selective permeability. Borders shape societies and everyday life. What appears as a geographical fact, as a line on the map, is a product of material, discursive and performative construction processes.
The speakers of the lecture series take different perspectives on this construction of borders. Where and how are borders (re)produced, questioned and changed? How do they function in everyday life and beyond national borders?
By looking at structures, actors, institutions, practices and materialities, the lecturers problematize the one-sided narrative according to which borders are defined exclusively by national authorities and their agents. The lecture series thus shows the contested nature of borders in everyday life, politics and law.
Sie schaffen Räume, unterscheiden ein Innen und ein Außen. Sie trennen und verbinden und wirken selektiv durchlässig. Grenzen prägen Gesellschaften und das Alltagsleben. Was dabei als geographisches Faktum, als Linie auf der Landkarte erscheint ist ein Produkt materieller, diskursiver und performativer Konstruktionsprozesse.
Die Referent*innen der Ringvorlesung nehmen unterschiedliche Perspektiven auf diese Konstruktion von Grenzen ein. Wo und wie werden Grenzen (re)produziert, hinterfragt und verändert? Wie funktionieren sie im Alltag und jenseits nationaler Außengrenzen?
Indem verschiedene Strukturen, Akteure, Institutionen, Praktiken und Materialitäten in den Blick genommen werden, problematisieren die Vortragenden das einseitige Narrativ, nach dem Grenzen ausschließlich von nationalen Instanzen und deren Handlanger*innen definiert werden. Die Ringvorlesung zeigt so die Umkämpftheit von Grenzen im Alltag, in Politik und Recht auf.
Das Vortragsprogramm kann HIER als PDF heruntergeladen werden.
Borders & Migration
5. Mai, 14 Uhr: Martina Tazzioli (University of London)
The Making of Migration. The biopolitics of mobility at Europe`s borders.
This talk draws on the book „The Making of Migration. The biopolitics of mobility at Europe‘s borders“, and interrogates how migrants are governed as individual subjects and as part of multiplicities. It discusses the biopolitical technologies of control, identification and partitions that migrants are subjected to, at Europe’s border-zones. In the first part, I trace a colonial genealogy of the "mob" and analyse how migrants are nowadays governed and criminalised as part of multiplicities different than populations. In the second part, I take into account mobility as a political technology of migration governmentality, showing that migrants are controlled, hampered and harmed not only by being blocked and pushed back but also by being kept on the move, and forced to undertake convoluted geography. Building on that, I argue that the biopolitics of mobility at Europe’s borders consists in modes of control that choke and harm migrants. In the final part, I interrogate the possibility of keeping memory of migrant struggles and migration movements which are temporary and precarious.
2. Juni, 16 Uhr: Harald Bauder (Ryerson University)
From Sovereignty to Solidarity: Rethinking Human Migration.
Power has always controlled human mobility. This lecture questions the premise that nation states have a natural right to control human mobility based on their assertions of sovereignty. I argue that state control over migration in the name of sovereignty is a fundamental technique for maintaining unjust rule and oppression. I further suggest that solidarity rather than sovereignty offers an alternative way to conceptualize how human mobility should, and already does, occur. Using examples from around the world, I examine contemporary practices of solidarity to illustrate what such a conceptualization of human mobility looks like and suggests that urban and local scales, rather than the national scale, frames human migration and belonging in practical and meaningful ways.
9. Juni, 14 Uhr: Pinar Tuzcu (Universität Kassel)
Representation and Politics of Location in Migration Research in Digital Times.
In this talk, I will discuss the impacts ongoing processes of digitization have on the question of representation and on the politics of location in the context of migration studies. I will argue that rather than being borderless by nature, the digital space has to be understood as producing different kinds of borders thus demanding different kinds of politics of location. Although the digital space makes new forms of transpassings and border-crossings possible, these new forms arise with the challenge of creating a politics of representation fitting to the current mode in which locations become slippery. That is to say, as it provides new ways of linking, mapping, tracking, and monitoring space, digitization demands taking into account modes of moving through and occupying space that test the analog notions of representation. For, it unsettles the positionality of bodies and makes us question entrenched categorizations of what makes one “self” and the other “other” in relation to digital geopolitical orders.
As digitization urges us to rethink the space–times of representation, it opens up new discussions for migration research with regard to its concerns about translocation and rigid borders. It also challenges the aspects of producing situated knowledge, since these new form localities and geopolitical order shape how we know and what we know about ‘others’. In this talk, I will look at how these shifting dynamics in the question of representation and politics of location in digital times means for migration research and how we can link our analog research experiences with such research questions.
Dieser Vortrag ist eine Veranstaltung im Rahmen der Veranstaltungreihe „Encountering Difference“ in Kooperation mit dem AK Feministische Geographien. Weitere Informationen finden Sie unter: https://ak-feministische-geographien.org/encounteringdifference/
23. Juni, 14 Uhr: Kathryn Cassidy (Northumbria University)
The Disorders of Everyday Bordering.
In this talk I will both analyse the impacts of everyday bordering on public institutions in the UK, specifically focusing on the National Health Service (NHS), as well as explore some of the ways in which these impacts have been mitigated, disrupted and challenged. Since the 1990s, immigration checks have become increasingly embedded within a range of everyday encounters in the UK and this process intensified after the introduction of new immigration legislation in 2014 and 2016. These new policies have required more residents to become responsible for undertaking checks on behalf of UK immigration authorities and, consequently, public institutions have become key sites for everyday bordering, and their workers have become increasingly burdened with undertaking state borderwork (Yuval-Davis et al, 2019). Through this analysis, I will argue that we need to develop conceptual approaches within border studies that recognise that bordering is not only underpinned by ordering, but also disordering, recognising what Martin (2012) has called ‘the immanent presence of disorder’. I suggest the need to begin analyses from an alternative viewpoint, i.e. that intensified state bordering does not dissolve, but rather proliferates the disorderly (Scott, 1998). The disorders of everyday bordering emerge in two ways within the NHS: firstly, immigration checks disorder the delivery of healthcare and the NHS as an institution charged with delivering healthcare; secondly, everyday bordering has also led to the NHS becoming a key sight of resistance to UK border and immigration policies. Therefore, I will also argue for greater attention within critical border studies to the institutionalisation of everyday bordering.
7. Juli, 14 Uhr: Maurice Stierl (University of Warwick)
The Mediterranean as a Carceral Sea.
Europe’s desire to deter, capture, and contain migrant mobilities has transformed the Mediterranean into a carceral sea. While offshore carcerality is not specific to Europe’s southern maritime border and also not a novel phenomenon, increasingly restrictive migration policies have dramatically reshaped the Mediterranean borderzone over recent years, multiplying infrastructures, technologies, and spaces of confinement. Interrogating the Mediterranean Sea as a carceral space generates insights into an ever-growing panoply of carceral but mobile forms of governance seeking to discipline and police unauthorised and precarious human movements, both at sea and on land.