Selected refereed publications - ask for reprints!:

(Author names of group members are italicized)

Submitted or Under Revision:

Collier, E., N. Ban, N. Richter, B. Ahrens, D. Chen, X. Chen, H-W. Lai, R. Leung, L. Li, T. Ou, P.K. Pothapakula, E. Potter, A. F. Prein, K. Sakaguchi, M. Schroeder, P. Singh, S. Sobolowski, S. Sugimoto, J. Tang, H. Yu, C. Ziska (2024) The First Ensemble of Kilometre-Scale Simulations of a Hydrological Year over the Third Pole. Sub. to CliDy.

Merz, B., V.D. Nguyen, B. Guse, L. Han, X. Guan, O. Rakovec, L. Samaniego, B. Ahrens, S. Vorogushyn (2024) Spatial counterfactuals to explore disastrous flooding. Subm. to Env. Research Letters

Lohmann, R., C. Purr, B. Ahrens (2023) Northern Hemisphere Atmospheric Blocking in CMIP6 Climate Projections using a Hybrid Index. Subm. to J. of Climate

Hamouda, M.E., C. Czakay, B. Ahrens. On Convection During Vb-Cyclone Events in Present and Warmer Climate. GRL. Subm.

Tarasova, L., B. Ahrens, A. Hoff, U. Lall (2023) The value of large-scale climatic indices for monthly forecasting severity of widespread flooding using dilated convolutional neural networks. Subm. to Earth’s Future. Preprint: DOI: 10.22541/essoar.168121503.30229452/v1

Pothapakula, P.K., A. Hoff, A. Obermann-Hellhund , T. Keber,  B. Ahrens  (2022).   Vb-cyclones and associated North-Western Mediterranean Sea state in regional coupled climate simulations: evaluation and projection. Subm. to ESD.



Singh, P., B. Ahrens (2023) Modeling Lightning Activity in the Third Pole Region: Performance of a km-Scale ICON-CLM Simulation. Atmosphere, 14(11), 1655. DOI: 10.3390/atmos14111655

Alice Portal, A., F. D’Andrea, P. Davini, M. E. Hamouda, C. Pasquero (2023) Atmospheric response to cold wintertime Tibetan Plateau conditions over eastern Asia in climate models. Weather Clim. Dynam., 4, 809–822.

Kelemen, F.D., S. Steinig, A. de Boer, J. Zhu, WL Chan, I. Niezgodzki, D.K. Hutchinson, G. Knorr, A. Abe-Ouchi, B. Ahrens (2023) Meridional Heat Transport in the DeepMIP Eocene ensemble: non-CO2 and CO2 effects. Paleoceanography and Paleoclimatology. Accepted.

Hamouda, M.E., C. Czakay, C. Primo, A. Hoff, B. Ahrens (2023) Zu Atmosphärischen Ursachen für Extreme Hochwasserereignisse in Mitteleuropa / On Atmospheric Drivers for Central European Flood Events. Hydrologie und Wasserbewirtschaftung (HyWa), 67, 209–219. DOI: 10.5675/HyWa_2023.5_2

Zittis, G., B. Ahrens, A. Obermann-Hellhund, E. Giannakis, D. Risto et al. (2023) Maritime transport and regional climate change impacts in large EU islands and archipelagos. Euro-Mediterranean Journal for Environmental Integration. DOI: 10.1007/s41207-023-00370-6

Valmassoi, A., J.D. Keller, D. Kleist, S. English, B. Ahrens, I. Bastak Duran, E. Bauernschubert, M.G. Bosilovich, M. Fujiwara, H. Hersbach, L. Lei, U. Löhnert, N. Mamnun, C.R. Martin, A.  Moore, D. Niermann, J. José Ruiz, L. Scheck (2023). Current challenges and future directions in data assimilation and reanalysis. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, E756–E767.

Kramer, I.M., M. Pfenninger,  B. Feldmeyer, M. Dhimal, I. Gautam, P. Shreshta, S. Baral, P. Phuyal, J. Hartke, A. Magdeburg, D. A. Groneberg, B. Ahrens, R. Müller, A-M. Waldvogel (2023).  Genomic profiling of climate adaptation in Aedes aegypti along an altitudinal gradient in Nepal indicates nongradual expansion of the disease vector. Molecular Ecology, 32(2), 350-368. DOI:

Prein, A., N. Ban, …, P.K. Potapakula, B. Ahrens, …, D. Chen (2023). Towards Ensemble-Based Kilometer-Scale Climate Simulations over the Third Pole Region. Climate Dynamics, 60, 4055–4081. DOI:


Müller, S.K., Caillaud, C., Chan, S. …, Brisson, E., … (2022). Evaluation of Alpine-Mediterranean precipitation events in convection-permitting regional climate models using a set of tracking algorithms. Climate Dynamics. DOI

Portal, A, C. Pasquero, F. D’Andrea, P. Davini, M.E. Hamouda, G. Rivière (2022). Influence of Reduced Winter Land-Sea Contrast on the Midlatitude Atmospheric Circulation. J. of Climate, 6237-6251. DOI:

Diez-Sierra, J., M. Iturbide, J. M. Gutiérrez, J. Fernández, J. Milovak, A. S. Cofiño, E. Cimadevilla, G. Nikulin, G. Levavasseur, A. Horányi, A. Brookshaw, M. García-Díez, A. Pérez, J. Baño-Medina, B. Ahrens, A. Alias, M. Ashfaq, M. Bukovsky, E. Buonomo, S. Caluwaerts, S. Chan Chou, O. B. Christensen, J. M. Ciarlo, E. Coppola, L. Corre, M-E. Demory, V. Djurdjevic, J. P. Evans, R. Fealy, H. Feldmann, D. Jacob, S. Jayanarayanan, J. Katzfey, K. Keuler, C. Kittel, M. Levent Kurnaz, R. Laprise, P. Lionello, S. McGinnis, P. Mercogliano, P. Nabat, B. Önol, T. Ozturk, H-J. Panitz, D. Paquin, I. Pieczka, F. Raffaele, A. Reca Remedio, J. Scinocca, F. Sevault, S. Somot, C. Steger, F. Tangang, C. Teichmann, P. Termonia, M. Thatcher, C. Torma, E. van Meijgaard, R. Vautard, K. Warrach-Sagi, K. Winger, and G. Zittis (2022). The worldwide C3S CORDEX grand ensemble: A major contribution to assess regional climate change in the IPCC AR6 Atlas. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, E2804–E2826. DOI:

Risto, D., K. Fröhlich, B. Ahrens (2022). Snow Representation over Siberia in Operational Seasonal Forecasting Systems. Atmosphere, 13(7), 1002.  DOI: 10.3390/atmos13071002

Obermann-Hellhund, A. (2022). State of the Simulation of Mesoscale Winds in the Mediterranean and Opportunities for Improvements. Atmosphere, 13(7), 1007. DOI: 10.3390/atmos13071007

Macdonald, E., B. Merz, B. Guse, L.M. Wietzke, S. Ullrich, M. Kemter, B. Ahrens, S. Vorogushyn (2022). Event and Catchment Controls of Heavy Tail Behavior of Floods. Water Resources Research. DOI: 10.1029/2021WR031260

Purr, C., E. Brisson, H. Schlünzen, B. Ahrens (2022). Convective rain cell properties and the resulting precipitation scaling in a warm temperate climate. Quarterly J. of Royal Met. Soc., 148(745), 1768-1781. doi: 10.1002/qj.4277

Krug, A., F. Aemisegger, M. Sprenger, B. Ahrens (2022) Moisture sources of heavy precipitation in Central Europe in synoptic situations with Vb-cyclones. Climate Dynamics, 59, 3227-3245.


Leon … Ahrens, Obermann, ... (2021) Downscaling climate change impacts, socio-economic implications and alternative adaptation pathways for islands and outermost regions. Madrid: McGraw­Hill, pp. 406. 

Ahrens, B., N. Leps (2021) Sensitivity of Convection Permitting Simulations to Lateral Boundary Conditions in Idealised Experiments. Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems. 13(12) 

Sørland, S. L., Brogli, R., Pothapakula, P. K., Russo, E., Van de Walle, J., Ahrens, B., Anders, I., Bucchignani, E., Davin, E. L., Demory, M.-E., Dosio, A., Feldmann, H., Früh, B., Geyer, B., Keuler, K., Lee, D., Li, D., van Lipzig, N. P. M., Min, S.-K., Panitz, H.-J., Rockel, B., Schär, C., Steger, C., and Thiery, W. (2021) COSMO-CLM regional climate simulations in the Coordinated Regional Climate Downscaling Experiment (CORDEX) framework: a review, Geosci. Model Dev., 14, 5125–5154. 

Dhimal, M., I.M. Kramer, P. Phuyal, S.S. Budhathoki, J. Hartke, B. Ahrens, U. Kuch, D.A. Groneberg, S. Nepal, L. Qi-Yong, H. Cun-Rui, G. Cissé, K.L. Ebi, D. Klingelhöfer, R. Müller,  (2021) Climate change and its association with expansion of vectors and vector-borne diseases in the Hindu Kush Himalayan region: A systematic synthesis of the literature. Adv. in Climate Change Res. 12(3), 421-429. 

Brisson, E., U. Blahak, P. Lucas-Picher, C. Purr, B. Ahrens (2021) Contrasting lightning projection using the lightning potential index adapted in a convection-permitting mode.  Climate Dynamics 57, 2037-51. 

You, Q., Z, Cai, N. Pepin, D. Chen, B. Ahrens, Z. Jiang, F. Wu, S. Kang, R. Zhang, T. Wu, P. Wang, M. Li, Z. Zuo, Y. Gao, P. Zhai, Y. Zhanga (2021) Warming amplification over the Arctic Pole and Third Pole: trends, mechanisms and consequences. Earth-Science Reviews. 217, 103625.

Krug, A., P.K. Pothapakula, C. Primo, B. Ahrens (2021) Heavy Vb-cyclone precipitation: a transfer entropy application showcase. MetZ. DOI: 10.1127/metz/2021/1071

Kramer, I., M. Pfeiffer, O. Steffens, F. Schneider, V. Gerger, P. Phuyal, M. Braun, A. Magdeburg, U. Kuch, B. Ahrens, D. Groneberg, M. Dhimal, R. Müller (2021) The ecophysiological plasticity of Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus concerning overwintering in cooler ecoregions is driven by local climate and acclimation capacity. Science of the Total Environment. 778, 146128.

Ban, N., E. Brisson, B. Ahrens, C.  Caillaud, E. Coppola, E. Pichelli, S. Sobolowski, M. Adinolfi,  et al. (2021) The first multi-model ensemble of regional climate simulations at kilometer-scale resolution, Part I: Evaluation of precipitation. Climate Dynamics. DOI: 10.1007/s00382-021-05708-w (OA)

Fröhlich, K., Dobrynin, M., Isensee, K., Gessner, C., Paxian, A., Pohlmann, H., … Baehr, J. (2021). The German Climate Forecast System: GCFS. Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 13(2).

Purr, C., E. Brisson, B. Ahrens (2021) Convective rain cell characteristics and scaling in climate projections for Germany. Int. Journal of Climatology, 41(5), 3174-3185. doi: 10.1002/joc.7012 (OA)

Kramer, I.M., S. Baral, I. Gautam, M. Braun, A. Magdeburg, P. Phuyal, I. Kadel, M. Dhimal, B. Ahrens, D.A. Groneberg, R. Müller (2021) STech: sampling and transport techniques for Aedes eggs during a sampling campaign in a low resource setting. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata. 169(4), 374-383.

Drücke, J., M. Borsche, P.M. James, F. Kaspar, U. Pfeifroth, B. Ahrens, J. Trentmann (2021). Climatological Analysis of Solar and Wind Energy in Germany using the Grosswetterlagen Classification. Renewable Energy, 164, 1254-1266.


Pothapakula, P.K., C. Primo, S. Soerland, B. Ahrens (2020) The synergistic impact of ENSO and IOD on the Indian Summer Monsoon Rainfall in observations and climate simulations - an information theory perspective. Earth Syst. Dynam., 11, 903–923, 2020 (OA)

You, Q., D. Chen, F. Wu, N. Pepin, Z. Cai, B. Ahrens, Z. Jiang, Z. Wu, S. Kang, A. AghaKouchak (2020) Elevation dependent warming over the Tibetan Plateau: patterns, mechanisms and perspectives. Earth-Science Reviews, 210. DOI: 10.1016/j.earscirev.2020.103349 

Philipp, D., M. Stengel, B. Ahrens (2020) Analyzing the Arctic Feedback Mechanism between Sea Ice and Low-Level Clouds using 34 Years of Satellite Observations. Journal of Climate. 33 (17): 7479–7501. DOI: 10.1175/JCLI-D-19-0895.1 

Drobinski, P., N. Da Silva, S. Bastin, S. Mailler, C. Muller, B. Ahrens, O.B. Christensen, P. Lionello (2020) How much warmer and drier will the Mediterranean region be at the end of the 21st century? Regional Environmental Change. 20(3). DOI: 10.1007/s10113-020-01659-w (OA)

Kramer, I.M., A. Kreß, D. Klingelhöfer, C. Scherer, P. Phuyal, B. Ahrens, U. Kuch, D.A. Groneberg, M. Dhimal, R. Müller (2020) Does winter cold really limit the dengue vector Aedes aegypti in Europe? Parasite & Vectors, 13:178. DOI: 10.1186/s13071-020-04054-w (OA)

Krug, A., C. Primo, S. Fischer, A. Schumann, B. Ahrens (2020) On the temporal variability of widespread rain-on-snow floods. Meteorologische Zeitschrift. 29(2), p. 147 - 163. DOI: 10.1127/metz/2020/0989 (OA)

Ahrens, B., T. Meier, E. Brisson (2020). Diurnal Cycle of Precipitation in the Himalayan Foothills – Observations and Model Results. Chap 5, pages 73-89. In Himalayan Weather and Climate and their impact on the environment, Eds: A. P. Dimri, B. Bookhagen, M. Stoffel, T. Yasunari, Springer. ISBN 978-3-030-29684-1

Coppola, E., S. Sobolowski, E. Pichelli, F. Raffaele, B. Ahrens, I. Anders, N. Ban, S. Bastin, M. Belda, D. Belusic, A. Caldas-Alvarez, R. Margarida Cardoso, S. Davolio, A. Dobler, J. Fernandez, L. Fita Borrell, Q. Fumiere, F. Giorgi, K. Goergen, I. Guettler, T. Halenka, D. Heinzeller, O. Hodnebrog, D. Jacob, S. Kartsios, E. Katragkou, E. Kendon, S. Khodayar, H. Kunstmann, S. Knist, A. Lavín, P. Lind, T. Lorenz, D. Maraun, L. Marelle, E. van Meijgaard, J. Milovac, G. Myhre, H.-J.Panitz, M. Piazza, M. Raffa, T. Raub, B. Rockel, C. Schär, K. Sieck, P. M. M. Soares, S. Somot, L. Srnec, P. Stocchi, M. Tölle, H. Truhetz, R. Vautard, H. de Vries, K. Warrach-Sagi (2020) A first-of-its-kind multi-model convection permitting ensemble for investigating convective phenomena over Europe and the Mediterranean. Climate Dynamics, 55, 3–34. DOI: 10.1007/s00382-018-4521-8 (OA)


Purr, C., E. Brisson, B. Ahrens (2019) Convective shower characteristics simulated with the convection-permitting climate model COSMO-CLM. Atmosphere, 10(12), 810. (OA)

Pothapakula, P.K., C. Primo Ramos, B. Ahrens (2019). Quantification of information exchange in idealized and climate system applications. Entropy, 21(11), 1094. (OA)

Lengfeld, K., T. Winterrath, T. Junghänel, M. Hafer, A. Becker (2019) Characteristic spatial extent of hourly and daily precipitation events in Germany derived from 16 years of radar data. METZ. DOI 10.1127/metz/2019/0964 (OA)

Josipovic, L., A. Obermann-Hellhund, E. Brisson, B. Ahrens (2019). Bora in Regional Climate Models: Impact of model resolution on simulations of gap winds and wave breaking. Croatian Meteorological Journal. 53, 31-42. (OA)

Primo, C., F.D. Kelemen, H. Feldmann, B. Ahrens (2019). A regional atmosphere-ocean climate system model (CCLMv5.0clm7-NEMOv3.3-NEMOv3.6) over Europe including three marginal seas: on its stability and performance. Geosci. Model Dev., 12, 5077–5095. (OA)

Kelemen, F.D., C. Primo, H. Feldmann, B. Ahrens (2019). Added value of atmosphere-ocean coupling in a century-long regional climate simulation. Atmosphere, 10(9), 537. (OA)

Akhtar, N., A. Krug, J. Brauch, T. Arsouze, C. Dieterich, B. Ahrens (2019). European Marginal Seas in a regional atmosphere-ocean coupled model and their impact on Vb-cyclones and associated precipitation. Climate Dynamics, 53, 5967–5984. (OA)

Leps, N., J. Brauch, B. Ahrens (2019). Sensitivity of Limited Area Atmospheric Simulations to Lateral Boundary Conditions in Idealised Experiments. Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 11, 2694–2707. https:// (OA)

Kaspar, F., M. Borsche, U. Pfeifroth, J. Trentmann, J. Drücke, P. Becker (2019). A climatological assessment of balancing effects and shortfall risks of photovoltaics and wind energy inGermany and Europe. Adv. Sci. Res., 16, 119-128. (OA)

Tarasova, L., R. Merz, A.  Kiss, S. Basso, G. Blöschl, B. Merz, A. Viglione, S. Plötner, B. Guse, A. Schumann, S. Fischer, B. Ahrens, F. Anwar, A. Bárdossy, P. Bühler, U. Haberlandt, H. Kreibich, A. Krug, D. Lun, H. Müller‐Thomy, R. Pidoto, C. Primo,  J. Seidel, S. Vorogushyn, L. Wietzke (2019). Causative classification of river flood events, Advanced Review, WIREs Water, (OA)

Reyers, M., H. Feldmann, S. Mieruch, J. G. Pinto, M. Uhlig, B. Ahrens, B. Früh, M. Kameshvar, N. Laube, J. Mömken, W. Müller, G. Schädler, and C. Kottmeier (2019). Development and prospects of the regional MiKlip decadal prediction system over Europe: Predictive skill, added value of regionalization and ensemble size dependency. Earth System Dynamics, 10, 171–187. (OA)


Soares, P.M.M., D. Maraun, S. Brands, M.W. Jury, J.M. Gutiérrez, D. San Martin, E. Hertig, R. Huth, A. Belušić, R.M. Cardoso, S. Kotlarski, P. Drobinski, A. Obermann-Hellhund (2018). Process-based evaluation of the VALUE perfect predictor experiment of statistical downscaling methods, Int. J. Climatol., online first, 2018.

Vozila Belušić, A., I. Guettler, B. Ahrens, A. Obermann-Hellhund, M.T. Prtenjak (2018). Wind over the Adriatic Region in CORDEX Climate Change Scenarios. Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres. DOI: 10.1029/2018JD028552

Pham, T.v., J. Brauch, B. Früh, B. Ahrens (2018). Added predictive skill in decadal hindcasting with the coupled model COSMO-CLM/NEMO. Met.Z. 27(5), 391-399. DOI: 10.1127/metz/2018/0872 (OA)

Somot S., P. Ruti, B. Ahrens, E. Coppola, G. Jordà, G. Sannino, F. Solmon (2018). Editorial for the Med-CORDEX special issue. Clim. Dyn., 51: 771. DOI: 10.1007/s00382-018-4325-x (OA)

Obermann, A., B. Ahrens (2018). Mistral and Tramontane Simulations with Changing Resolution of Orography. Atm. Science Letters, 19(9):e848. DOI: 10.1002/asl.848 (OA) 

Bajnai, D., J. Fiebig, A. Tomašových, S. Milner Garcia, C. Rollion-Bard, J. Raddatz, N. Löffler, C. Primo-Ramos & U. Brand (2018) Assessing kinetic fractionation in brachiopod calcite using clumped isotopes. Scientific reports 8, 533 (OA)

Brisson E., C. Brendel, S. Herzog, B. Ahrens (2018). Lagrangian evaluation of convective shower characteristics in a convection permitting model. Met.Z. 27(1), 59-66. DOI: 10.1127/metz/2017/0817 (OA)

Obermann-Hellhund, A., D. Conte, S. Somot, C. Zsolt Torma, B. Ahrens (2018). Mistral and Tramontane wind systems in regional and global climate simulations from 1950 to 2100. Climate Dynamics, 50(1-2), 693-703. DOI: 10.1007/s00382-017-3635-8 (OA)

Akhtar, N., J. Brauch, B. Ahrens (2018). Climate Modeling over the Mediterranean Sea: Impact of Resolution and Ocean Coupling. Climate Dynamics.51, 933-948. DOI 10.1007/s00382-017-3570-8 (OA)

Gaertner, M.A., J.J. González-Alemán, R. Romera, M. Domínguez, V. Gil, E. Sánchez, C. Gallardo, M.M. Miglietta, K.J.E. Walsh, D.V. Sein, S. Somot, A. Dell’Aquila, C. Teichmann, B. Ahrens, E. Buonomo, A. Colette, S. Bastin, E.v. Meijgaard, G. Nikulin (2018). Impact of ocean-atmosphere coupling and high resolution on the simulation of medicanes over the Mediterranean Sea: multi-model analysis with Med-CORDEX and EURO-CORDEX runs. Climate Dynamics, 51(3), 1041-1057. doi:10.1007/s00382-016-3456-1

Fantini, A., F. Raffaele, C. Torma, S. Bacer, E. Coppola, F. Giorgi, B. Ahrens, C. Dubois, E. Sanchez (2018). Assessment of multiple daily precipitation statistics in ERA- Interim driven Med-CORDEX and EURO-CORDEX experiments against high resolution observations. Climate Dynamics, 51(3), 877-900. doi:10.1007/s00382-016-3453-4

Drobinski, P., N. Da Silva, G.  Panthou, S. Bastin, C. Muller, B. Ahrens, M. Borga, D. Conte, G. Fosser, F. Giorgi, I. Güttler, V. Kotroni, L. Li, E.  Morin, B.  Önol, P. Quintana-Segui, R. Romera, C. Zsolt Torma (2018). Scaling precipitation extremes with temperature in the Mediterranean: past climate assessment and projection in anthropogenic scenarios. Climate Dynamics, 51(3). 1237-1257. doi:10.1007/s00382-016-3083-x (OA)

Cavicchia, L., E.  Scoccimarro, S. Gualdi, B. Ahrens, S. Berthou, D. Conte, A. Dell’Aquila, P. Drobinski, V. Djurdjevic, C. Dubois, C. Gallardo, L.  Li, P. Oddo, A.  Sanna, C. Torma (2018). Spatiotemporal characterisation of Mediterranean extreme precipitation events: a multi-model assessment. Climate Dynamics, 51(3), 901-913. doi:10.1007/s00382-016-3245-x

Obermann, A., S. Bastin, S. Belamari, D. Conte, M. A. Gaertner, L. Li, B. Ahrens (2018). Mistral and Tramontane wind speed and wind direction patterns in regional climate simulations. Climate Dynamics, 51(3), 1069-1076. doi:10.1007/s00382-016-3053-3 (OA)


Pothapakula, P.K., K.K. Osuri, S. Pattanayak, U. C. Mohanty, S. Sil, R. Nadimpalli (2017). Observational perspective of SST changes during life cycle of tropical cyclones over Bay of Bengal. Natural Hazards. DOI:10.1007/s11069-017-2945-9 (EO)

Kirchgessner, P., J. Tödter, B. Ahrens, L. Nerger (2017). The smoother extension of the nonlinear ensemble transform filter. Tellus, 69(1). 

Will A., N. Akhtar, J. Brauch, M. Breil., E. Davin, H. T. M. Ho-Hagemann, E. Maisonnave, M. Thürkow, and S. Weiher (2017). The COSMO-CLM 4.8 regional climate model coupled to regional ocean, land surface and global earth system models using OASIS3-MCT: description and performance. Geosci. Model Dev., 10, 1549–1586, 2017. doi:10.5194/gmd-10-1549-2017

Brisson, E., N. Leps, B. Ahrens (2017). Konvektionserlaubende Klimamodellierung. Promet - Meteorologische Fortbildung, Heft 99, 41 - 48. (OA)

Rockel, B., J. Brauch, O. Gutjahr, N. Akhtar, H.T.M. Ho-Hagemann (2017). Gekoppelte Modellsysteme: Atmosphäre und Ozean. Promet - Meteorologische Fortbildung, Heft 99, 65-75. (OA)

Paeth, H., A. Paxian, D. Sein, D. Jacob, H.-J.Panitz, M. Warscher, A. Fink, H. Kunstmann, M. Breil, T. Engel, A. Krause, J. Toedter, B. Ahrens (2017). Decadal and multi-year predictability of the West African monsoon and the role of dynamical downscaling. Met.Z. 26(4), 363-377.  doi: 10.1127/metz/2017/0811 (OA)

Warwade P., N. Sharma, A. Pandey, B. Ahrens (2017) Analysis of Climate Variability in a Part of Brahmaputra River Basin in India. In: Sharma N. (eds) River System Analysis and Management. Springer, Singapore


Flaounas, E., Kelemen, F.D., Wernli, H., Gaertner, M.A., Reale, M., Sanchez-Gomez, E., Lionello, P., Calmanti, S., Podrascanin, Z., Somot, S., Akhtar, N., Romera, R., Conte, D. (2016). Assessment of an ensemble of ocean–atmosphere coupled and uncoupled regional climate models to reproduce the climatology of Mediterranean cyclones. Climate Dynamics. doi:10.1007/s00382-016-3398-7

Harzallah A., G. Jordà, C. Dubois, G. Sannino, A. Carillo, L. Li, T. Arsouze, J. Beuvier, N. Akthar (2016). Long term evolution of the heat budget in the Mediterranean Sea from Med-CORDEX forced and coupled simulations, Clim. Dynamics. doi:10.1007/s00382-016-3363-5

Pham, v. T., J. Brauch, B. Früh, B. Ahrens (2016). Simulation of snowbands in the Baltic Sea area with the coupled atmosphere-ocean-ice model COSMO-CLM/NEMO. Met.Z., 26(1), 71-82. doi:10.1127/metz/2016/0775 (OA)

Llasses J., G. Jordà, D. Gomis, F. Adloff, D. Macías, A. Harzallah, T. Arsouze, N. Akthar, L. Li, A. Elizalde, G. Sannino  (2016). Heat and salt redistribution in the Mediterranean Sea in the Med-CORDEX model ensemble, Clim. Dynamics. doi:10.1007/s00382-016-3242-0

Brisson, E., K. Van Weverberg, M. Demuzere, A. Devis, S. Saeed, M. Stengel, N. P. M. van Lipzig (2016). How well can a convection-permitting climate model reproduce decadal statistics of precipitation, temperature and cloud characteristics? Clim. Dynamics. doi:10.​1007/​s00382-016-3012-z (EO)

Saeed, S., Brisson, E., Demuzere, M., Tabari, H., Willems, P. and van Lipzig, N. P. M. (2016). Multidecadal convection permitting climate simulations over Belgium: sensitivity of future precipitation extremes. Atmos. Sci. Lett. 18(1), 29-36. doi:10.1002/asl.720

Obermann, A., B. Edelmann, and B. Ahrens (2016). Influence of Sea Surface Roughness Length Parameterization on Mistral and Tramontane Simulations. Advances in Science and Research. 13, 107-112. doi:10.5194/asr-13-107-2016 (OA).

Schulz, J.-P., G. Vogel, C. Becker, S. Kothe, U. Rummel, B. Ahrens (2016). Evaluation of the ground heat flux simulated by a multi-layer land surface scheme using high-quality observations at grass land and bare soil. Meteor. Z., 25(5), 607-620. DOI: 10.1127/metz/2016/0537 (OA)

Müller Schmied, H., R. Müller, A. Sanchez-Lorenzo, B. Ahrens, M. Wild (2016). Evaluation of radiation components in a global freshwater model with station-based observations. Water. 8(10), 450. doi:10.3390/w8100450 (OA)

Paxian, A., D. Sein , H.-J. Panitz, M. Warscher, M. Breil , T. Engel , J. Tödter , A. Krause , W. CabosNarvaez , A. Fink , B. Ahrens , H. Kunstmann , D. Jacob , H. Paeth  (2016). Bias reduction in decadal predictions of West African monsoon rainfall using regional climate models. JGR-Atmospheres, 121(4), 1715-1735. doi: 10.1002/2015JD024143

Kothe, S., J. Tödter, B. Ahrens (2016). Strategies for soil initialisation in regional decadal climate predictions. Meteorol. Zeitschrift, 25, 775-794. DOI: 10.1127/metz/2016/0729 (OA)

Junghänel, T. C. Brendel, T. Winterrath, A. Walter (2016), Towards a radar- and observation-based hail climatology for Germany. Meteorol. Zeitschrift, 25(4), 435-445. DOI 10.1127/metz/2014/0123 (OA)

Ruti P.M., Somot S., Giorgi F., Dubois C., Flaounas E., Obermann A., Dell’Aquila A., Pisacane G., Harzallah A., Lombardi E., Ahrens B., Akhtar N., Alias A., Arsouze T., Aznar R., Bastin S., Bartholy J., Béranger K., Beuvier J., Bouffies-Cloché S., Brauch J., Cabos W., Calmanti S., Calvet J-C., Carillo A., Conte D., Coppola E., Djurdjevic V., Drobinski P., Elizalde-Arellano A., Gaertner M., Galàn P., Gallardo C., Gualdi S., Goncalves M., Jorba O., Jordà G., L'Heveder B., Lebeaupin-Brossier C., Li L., Liguori G., Lionello P., Maciàs-Moy D., Nabat P., Onol B., Rajkovic B., Ramage K., Sevault F., Sannino G., Struglia MV., Sanna A., Torma C., Vervatis V. (2016). MED-CORDEX initiative for Mediterranean Climate studies. Bull. of the American Meteorological Society, 1187-1208.  doi: (OA)

Brisson, E., M. Demuzere, N.P.M. v. LipzigModelling strategies for performing convection-permitting climate simulations. Meteorol. Zeitschrift, doi: 10.1127/metz/2015/0598. Early Online. (OA)

Tödter, J., P. Kirchgessner, L. Nerger, B. Ahrens (2016). Assessment of a nonlinear ensemble transform filter for high-dimensional data assimilation. Monthly Weather Review, 144, 409-427. doi: 10.1175/MWR-D-15-0073.1 

Pfeifroth, U., J. Trentmann, A. Fink, B. Ahrens (2016). Evaluating satellite-based diurnal cycles of precipitation in the African tropics. J. Appl. Meteorology and Climatology, 55, 23–39. doi:


Lauwaeta, D., K. De Ridder, S. Saeed, E. Brisson, F. Chatterjee, N.P.M. van Lipzig, B. Maiheu, H. Hooyberghs (2015). Assessing the current and future urban heat island of Brussels. Urban Climate, 15, 1-15. doi:10.1016/j.uclim.2015.11.008

Molina, A., V. Vanacker, E. Brisson, D. Mora, and V. Balthazar (2015). Multidecadal change in streamflow associated with anthropogenic disturbances in the tropical Andes, Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 19, 4201-4213, doi:10.5194/hess-19-4201-2015. (OA)

Warwade, P., N. Sharma, B. Ahrens, A. Pandey (2015). Characterization and analysis of the trend of climate variables (temperatures) for the North Eastern region of the India. Int. Journal of Recent Scientific Research 6(4), 3618–3624. ISSN: 0976-3031

Dhimal, M., U. Kuch, B. Ahrens (2015). Climate change and spatiotemporal distributions of vector-borne diseases in Nepal - a systematic review. PLOS One., 10(6): e0129869. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0129869 (OA)

Prein, A.F., W. Langhans, G. Fosser, A. Ferrone, N. Ban, K. Goergen, M. Keller, M. Tölle, O. Gutjahr, F. Feser, E. Brisson, S. Kollet, J. Schmidli, N. P. M. van Lipzig, R. Leung (2015). A review on regional convection-permitting climate modeling: demonstrations, prospects, and challenges. Rev. of Geophysics., doi: 10.1002/2014RG000475

Asharaf, S., B. Ahrens (2015). Indian Summer Monsoon Rainfall Feedback Processes in Climate Change Scenarios. Journal of Climate, 28(13), 5414-5429. doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-14-00233.1

Dhimal, M., I. Gautam, H.D. Joshi, R. O’Hara, B. Ahrens, U. Kuch (2015). Risk Factors for the Presence of Chikungunya and Dengue Vectors (Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus), their Altitudinal Distribution and Climatic Determinants of their Abundance in Central Nepal. PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases 9(3). doi: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0003545 (OA) 

Tödter, J., B. Ahrens (2015). A Second-order Exact Ensemble Square Root Filter for Nonlinear Data Assimilation. Mon. Wea. Rev., 143(4), 1347-1367. doi:10.1175/MWR-D-14-00108.1 

Brisson, E., M. Demuzere, P. Willems, N. P. M. v. Lipzig (2015). Assessment of natural climate variability using a weather generator. Clim. Dyn., 44(1-2), 495-508. doi:10.1007/s00382-014-2122-8 (OA)

Bowler, D.E., P. Haase, I. Kröncke, O. Tackenberg, H.G. Bauer, C. Brendel, R.W. Brooker, M. Gerisch, K. Henle, T. Hickler, C. Hof, S. Klotz, I. Kühn, S. Matesanz, R. O’Hara, D. Russell, O. Schweiger, F. Valladares, E. Welk, M. Wiemers, K. Böhning-Gaese (2015). A cross-taxon analysis of the impact of climate change on abundance trends in central Europe. Biological Conservation 187, 41-50.


Mieruch, S., H. Feldmann, G. Schädler, C.-J. Lenz, S. Kothe, C. Kottmeier (2014). The regional MiKlip decadal forecast ensemble for Europe: the added value of downscaling. Geosci. Model Dev., 7, 2983-2999.

Weverberg, K. van , E. Goudenhoofdt, U. Blahak, E. Brisson, M. Demuzere, P. Marbaix, Ypersele, J.-P. van (2014). Comparison of one-moment and two-moment bulk microphysics for high-resolution climate simulations of intense precipitation. Atm. Research, 147–148, 145–161. doi:10.1016/j.atmosres.2014.05.012

Dhimal, M., R. O’Hara, R. Karki, G.D. Thakur, U. Kuch, B. Ahrens (2014). Spatio-temporal distribution of malaria and its association with climatic factors and vector-control interventions in two high-risk districts of Nepal. Malaria Journal, 13:457. doi:10.1186/1475-2875-13-457 (OA)

Ahrens, B., H. Formayer, A. Gobiet, G. Heinrich, M. Hofstätter, C. Matulla, A. F. Prein, H. Truhetz, I. Anders, K. Haslinger, I. Nadeem, M. Suklitsch, M. Themessl (2014). Future Climate Developments. pp. 45. doi: 10.1553/aar14s301. In Österreichischer Sachstandsbericht Klimawandel 2014 (AAR14). Austrian Panel on Climate Change (APCC), Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien, Österreich. ISBN-13: 978-3-7001-7699-2 (OA)

Wacker, U., J. Fiebig, J. Tödter, B. R. Schöne, A. Bahr, O. Friedrich, T. Tütken, E. Gischler, and M. M. Joachimski (2014). Empirical calibration of the clumped isotope paleothermometer using calcites of various origins. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 141, 127–144.  doi:10.1016/j.gca.2014.06.004

Dhimal, M., B. Ahrens, U. Kuch (2014). Species composition, seasonal occurrence, habitat preference and altitudinal distribution of malaria and other disease vectors in eastern Nepal. Parasites & Vectors, 7:540.  doi:10.1186/s13071-014-0540-4 (OA)

Akhtar, N., J. Brauch, A. Dobler, K. Berenger, B. Ahrens (2014). Medicanes in an ocean-atmosphere coupled regional climate model. Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 14, 2189–2201. doi:10.5194/nhess-14-2189-2014 (OA)

Dhimal, M., B. Ahrens, U. Kuch (2014). Malaria control in Nepal 1963-2012: challenges on the path towards elimination. Malaria Journal, 13:241  doi:10.1186/1475-2875-13-241 (OA)

Kothe, S., H.-J. Panitz, B. Ahrens (2014). Analysis of the radiation budget in regional climate simulations with COSMO-CLM for Africa. Met.Z., 23(2),123-141. DOI: 10.1127/0941-2948/2014/0527 (OA)

Van Pham, T., J. Brauch, Ch. Dieterich, B. Frueh, B. Ahrens (2014). New coupled atmosphere-ocean-ice system COSMO-CLM/NEMO: On the air temperature sensitivity on the North and Baltic Seas. Oceanologia, 56(2), 167-189. DOI:10.5697/oc.56-2.167

Liakka, J., F. Colleoni, B. Ahrens, T. Hickler (2014). Impact of vegetation dynamics on the onset of the Antarctic ice sheet. Geophy. Res. Letters, 41, 4, 1269–1276. DOI: 10.1002/2013GL058994

Kothe, S., D. Luethi, B. Ahrens (2014). Analysis of the West African Monsoon system in the regional climate model COSMO-CLM. Int. J. of Climatology, 34(2), 481–493. DOI: 10.1002/joc.3702

Brinckmann, S., J. Trentmann, B. Ahrens (2014). Homogeneity Analysis of the CM SAF Surface Solar Irradiance Data Set derived from Geostationary Satellite Observations. Remote Sensing, 6(1), 352-378. doi:10.3390/rs6010352 (OA)


Kumar, P., A. Wiltshire, C. Mathison,  S. Asharaf, B. Ahrens, P. Lucas-Picher, J.H. Christensen, A. Gobiet, F. Saeed, S. Hagemann, D. Jacob (2013). Down scaled climate change projections with uncertainty assessment over India using high resolution multi model approach. Science of the Total Environment, 468, 18-30.

Tang, H., A. Micheels, J. Eronen, B. Ahrens (2013). Strong interannual variation of the Asian summer monsoon in the Late Miocene. Climate Dynamics, 41: 135-153. DOI: 10.1007/s00382-012-1655-y

Krähenmann, S., S. Kothe, H.-J. Panitz, B. Ahrens (2013). Evaluation of daily maximum and minimum 2-m temperatures as simulated with the regional climate model COSMO-CLM over Africa. Met.Z., 22, 297-316. doi: 10.1127/0941-2948/2013/0468 (OA)

Krähenmann, S., A. Obregon, R. Müller, J. Trentmann, B. Ahrens (2013). A satellite-based surface radiation climatology derived by combining Climate Data Records and Near-Real-Time data. Remote Sensing, 5, 4693-4718. DOI: 10.3390/rs5094693 (OA)

Kothe, S., E. Good, A. Obregon, B. Ahrens, H. Nitsche (2013). Satellite-based sunshine duration for Europe. Remote Sensing, 5, 2943-2972. DOI: 10.3390/rs5062943 (OA)

Asharaf, S., B. Ahrens (2013). Soil-moisture memory in the regional climate model COSMO-CLM during the Indian summer monsoon season. J. Geophys. Res.: Atmos., 118(12), 6144-6151. DOI: 10.1002/jgrd.50429 

Krähenmann, S., B. Ahrens (2013). Spatial Gridding of Daily Maximum and Minimum 2-m Temperatures Supported by Satellite Observations. Meteorology and Atmospheric Physics, 120: 87-105. 

Tang,H., A.Micheels, J.Eronen, B.Ahrens, M.Fortelius (2013). Asynchronous responses of East Asian and Indian summer monsoons to mountain uplift shown by regional climate modelling experiments. Climate Dynamics, 40(5-6), 1531-1549. doi: 10.1007/s00382-012-1603-x (OA)

Pfeifroth, U., R. Müller, B. Ahrens (2013). Evaluation of Satellite-based and Reanalysis Precipitation in the Tropical Pacific. J. of Applied Met. and Clim, 52(3), 634-644. doi:


Pfeifroth, U., R. Hollmann, B. Ahrens (2012). Cloud Diurnal Cycles in Satellite Data and Regional Climate Model Simulations. Met.Z., 21(6), 551-560. doi: (OA)

Asharaf, S., A. Dobler, B. Ahrens (2012). Soil moisture--precipitation feedback processes in the Indian summer monsoon season. J of Hydrometeorology, 13, 1461–1474. doi:

Tödter, J., B. Ahrens (2012). Generalization of the Ignorance Score: Continuous Ranked Version and its Decomposition. Mon. Wea. Rev., 140(6), 2005-15.


Dobler, A., B. Ahrens (2011). Four climate change scenarios for the Indian summer monsoon by the regional climate model COSMO-CLM. Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres, 116, D24104, 13pp.  doi:10.1029/2011JD016329

Dobler, A., R. Müller, B. Ahrens (2011). Development and evaluation of a method for estimating evapotranspiration from satellite data. Meterorol. Zeitschrift, 20(6), 615-623.

Krähenmann, S., P. Bissolli, J. Rapp, and B. Ahrens (2011). Spatial gridding of daily maximum and minimum temperatures in Europe. Meteorology and Atmospheric Physics, 114, 151-161. doi:10.1007/s00703- 011-0160-x (OA)

Kalinka, F., B. Ahrens (2011). The mixed form of the Richards equation and its application in vertically inhomogeneous soils. Adv. in Sci. and Res. 6, 123-127. doi:10.5194/asr-6-123-2011

Asharaf, S., A. Dobler, B. Ahrens (2011). Soil moisture initialization effects in the Indian monsoon system. Adv. Sci. Res., 6, 161-165, 2011. doi:10.5194/asr-6-161-2011

Lucas-Picher, P., J.H. Christensen, F. Saeed, P. Kumar, S. Asharaf, B. Ahrens, A. Wiltshire, D. Jacob, and S. Hagemann. (2011). Can regional climate models represent the Indian Monsoon? J. of Hydrometeorology, 12, 849-868. doi:10.1175/2011JHM1327.1

Kothe, S., Dobler, A., Beck, A., B. Ahrens (2011). The radiation budget in a regional climate model. Climate Dynamics, 36:1023-1036, DOI: 10.1007/s00382-009-0733-2


Kothe, S., B. Ahrens (2010). On the radiation budget in regional climate simulations for West Africa, J. Geophys. Res., 115, D23120. doi:10.1029/2010JD014331

Krähenmann, S., B. Ahrens (2010). On daily interpolation of precipitation backed with secondary information. Advances in Science and Research. 4, 29–35, 2010.

Dobler, A., B. Ahrens (2010). Analysis of the Indian summer monsoon system in the regional climate model COSMO-CLM. JGR–Atmospheres. 115, D16101. doi:10.1029/2009JD013497


Jaun, S., B. Ahrens (2009). Evaluation of a probabilistic hydrometeorological forecast system. Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 13, 1031–1043,

Casanova, S., B. Ahrens (2009). On the weighting of multi-model ensembles in seasonal and short-range weather forecasting. Mon. Wea. Rev., 137, 3811-3822, DOI: 10.1175/2009MWR2893.1

Ahrens, B. (2009). On evaluation of precipitation fields with rain station data. Interfacing Geostatistics and GIS, ed. J. Pilz, Springer, ISBN-10: 3-540-33235-9, pp. 121–136


Ahrens, B. and Walser, A. (2008). Information based skill scores for probabilistic forecasts. Mon. Wea. Rev., 136, 352-363. DOI:

Ahrens, B. and Beck. A. (2008). On upscaling of rain-gauge data for evaluating numerical weather forecasts. Meteorology and Atmospheric Physics, 99, 155-167

Jaun, S., B. Ahrens, A. Walser, T. Ewen, and C. Schär (2008). A probabilistic view on the August 2005 floods in the upper Rhine catchment. Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 281-291

Dobler, A., B. Ahrens (2008). Precipitation by a regional climate model and bias correction in Europe and South-Asia. Meteorol. Zeitschrift, 17(4), 499-509. DOI: 10.1127/0941-2948/2008/0306


Ahrens, B. and Jaun, S. (2007). On evaluation of ensemble precipitation forecasts with observation-based ensembles. Adv. in Geosciences, 10, 139-144

Schädler, B., B. Ahrens, R. Feierabend, C. Frei, R. Hohmann, T. Jankowski , R. Kozel, D. M. Livingstone, A. Peter, A. Petrascheck, M. Pfaundler, A. Schild (2007). Wasserwirtschaft. In Klimaänderung und die Schweiz 2050, ISBN-Nummer: 978-3-907630-26-6, OcCC/ProClim, Bern, 55–66


Ahrens, B. (2006). Distance in spatial interpolation of daily rain gauge data. Hydrol. Earth Sys. Sci., 10, 197–208,


Dorninger, M., T. Gorgas, A. Beck, B. Ahrens, W. Loibl, R. Steinacker (2005). Evaluation of retrospective regional climate model runs with VERA within the project RECLIP:MORE. Croatian Meteorological Journal/Hrvatski Meteoroloski Casopis, 40:585–588.


Beck, A., Ahrens, B., and Stadlbacher, K. (2004). Impact of nesting strategies in dynamical downscaling of reanalysis data. Geophysical Research Letters, 31, pp. 5. doi:10.1029/2004GL020115

Beck, A. and Ahrens, B. (2004). Multiresolution Evaluation of Precipitation Forecasts over the European Alps. Meteorol. Zeitschrift, 13(1):55–62.


Ahrens, B. (2003). Evaluation of precipitation forecasting with the limited area model ALADIN in an Alpine watershed. Meteorol. Zeitschrift, 12(5):245–255.

Ahrens, B., Jasper, K., and Gurtz, J. (2003). On ALADIN Precipitation Modeling and Validation in an Alpine Watershed. Annales Geophysicae, 21:627–637.

Ahrens, B. (2003). Rainfall downscaling in an Alpine watershed applying a multiresolution approach. JGR-Atmospheres, 108(D8):8388–8399.


Haimberger, L., Ahrens, B., Hamelbeck, F., and Hantel, M. (2001). Impact of time sampling on atmospheric energy budget residuals. Meteorology and Atmospheric Physics, 77:167–184.


Ahrens, B. (1999). Variational data assimilation for a Lorenz model using a non–standard genetic algorithm. Meteorology and Atmospheric Physics, 70:227–238.


Ahrens, B., Karstens, U., Rockel, B., and Stuhlmann, R. (1998). On the validation of the atmospheric model REMO with ISCCP data and precipitation measurements using simple statistics. Meteorology and Atmospheric Physics, 68:127–142.


Ahrens, B., Stix, M., and Thorn, M. (1992). On the depletion of lithium in the Sun. Astron. Astrophys, 264:673–678.