Theoretical and Methodological Approaches

Related Discourses, Practices, and Institutions in Japan and China

Empirical Studies in Historical Perspective

A Selected Bibliography of Protecting the Weak in East Asia, Past and Present

State and Society

Aldrich, Daniel P. (2010), Site Fights: Divisive Facilities and Civil Society in Japan and the West, Cornell University Press, Ithaca, N.Y., Bristol.

Blasek, Katrin (2015), Rule of Law in China: A Comparative Approach, Springer Briefs in Law, Springer, Heidelberg.

Braisted, William R. (1976), Meiroku Zasshi: Journal of the Japanese Enlightenment, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Mass.

Bu, Liping, Stapleton, Darwin H. and Yip, Ka-che (2014), Science, Public Health, and the State in Modern Asia, Routledge, London.

Cavaliere, Paola (2015), Promising Practices: Women Volunteers in Contemporary Japanese Religious Civil Society, Social Sciences in Asia, Vol. 39, Brill Academic Pub; Brill, Leiden, Boston.

Crossley, Pamela K. (op. 2005), “Nationality and Difference in China: The Post-Imperial Dilemma”, in Fogel, J.A. (Ed.), The Teleology of the Modern Nation-State, Encounters with Asia / Victor H. Mair, series editor, University of Pennsylvania press, Philadelphia, pp. 138–158.

Deng, Guosheng (2010), “The Hidden Rules Governing China’s Unregistered NGOs: Management and Consequences”, The China Review, No. 10/1, pp. 183–206.

Fogel, Joshua A. (2004), The Role of Japan in Liang Qichao's Introduction of Modern Western Civilization to China, China Research Monograph, Vol. 57, Institute of East Asian Studies, University of California Berkeley, Center for Chinese Studies, Berkeley, Calif.

Fogel, Joshua A. (Ed.) (op. 2005), The Teleology of the Modern Nation-State, Encounters with Asia / Victor H. Mair, series editor, University of Pennsylvania press, Philadelphia.

Hildebrandt, Timothy (2011), “The Political Economy of Social Organization Registration”, The China Quarterly, No. 208, pp. 970–989.

Hon, Tze-Ki and Culp, Robert J. (2007), The Politics of Historical Production in Late Qing and Republican China, Leiden Series in Comparative Historiography, Vol. 2, Brill, Leiden, Boston.

Hoston, Germaine A. (1992), “The State, Modernity, and the Fate of Liberalism in Prewar Japan”, The Journal of Asian Studies, Vol. 51 No. 2, p. 287.

Howell, David L. (op. 2005), “Civilization and Enlightenment: Markers of Identitiy in Nineteenth-Century Japan”, in Fogel, J.A. (Ed.), The Teleology of the Modern Nation-State, Encounters with Asia, University of Pennsylvania press, Philadelphia, pp. 117–137.

Howland, Douglas (2000), “Society Reified: Herbert Spencer and Political Theory in Early Meiji Japan”, Comparative Studies in Society and History, Vol. 42 No. 1, pp. 67–86.

Howland, Douglas (2001), “Translating Liberty in Nineteenth-Century Japan”, Journal of the History of Ideas, Vol. 62 No. 1, pp. 161–181.

Howell, Jude (2012), “Civil Society, Corporatism and Capitalism in China”, Journal of Comparative Asian Development, No. 11/2, pp. 271–297.

Hsu, Jennifer (2012), “Spaces of Civil Society: the Role of Migrant Non-Governmental Organizations in Beijing and Shanghai”, Progress in Development Studies, No. 12/1, pp. 63–76.

Huang, Shu-min (2013), “Building China’s Nascent Civil Society: The Roles of Nongovernmental Organizations”, American Anthropologist, No. 115/3, pp. 499–501.

Ishida, T., Japanese Political Culture: Change and Continuity, Transaction Publishers.

Jing, Yijia, and Ting, Gong (2012), “Managed Social Innovation: The Case of Government-Sponsored Venture Philanthropy in Shanghai”, Australian Journal of Public Administration, No. 71/2, pp. 233–245.

Kirby, William C. (op. 2005), “When Did China Become China? Thoughts on the Twentieth Century”, in Fogel, J.A. (Ed.), The Teleology of the Modern Nation-State, Encounters with Asia / Victor H. Mair, Series Editor, University of Pennsylvania press, Philadelphia, pp. 105–114.

Laliberté, Andre (2014), The Politics of Buddhist Organizations in Taiwan, 1989-2003: Safeguard the Faith, Build a Pure Land, Help the Poor, Taylor & Francis.

Leutner, Mechthild and Goikhman, Izabella, State, Society and Governance in Republican China, Berliner China-Hefte. Chinese History and Society, Vol. 43.

Levenson, Joseph R. (1965), Confucian China and Its Modern Fate, University of California Press, Berkeley.

Liu, Lydia H. (1995), Translingual Practice: Literature, National Culture, and Translated Modernity--China, 1900-1937, Stanford University Press, Stanford, Calif.

Marutschke, Hans P., Ishibe, Masasuke and Murakami, Junʼichi (Eds.) (2006), Beiträge zur modernen japanischen Rechtsgeschichte, Juristische Zeitgeschichte. Abt. 1, Allgemeine Reihe, Bd. 21, BWV, Berliner Wissenschafts-Verlag, Berlin.

Minichiello, Sharon (1998), Japan's Competing Modernities: Issues in Culture and Democracy, 1900-1930, University of Hawaiì Press, Honolulu, Hawaii.

Molony, Barbara (2000), “Women's Rights, Feminism, and Suffragism in Japan, 1870-1925”, Pacific Historical Review, Vol. 69 No. 4, pp. 639–661.

Nedostup, Rebecca (2009), Superstitious Regimes: Religion and the Politics of Chinese Modernity, Harvard University Press, Cambridge (Mass.).

Özerdem, Alpaslan and Jacoby, Tim (2006), Disaster Management and Civil Society: Earthquake Relief in Japan, Turkey and India, International Library of Postwar Reconstruction and Development, Vol. 1, I.B. Tauris; Distributed in the USA by Palgrave Macmillan, London, New York, New York.

Ravina, Mark (op. 2005), “State-Making in a Global Context: Japan in a World of Nation-States”, in Fogel, J.A. (Ed.), The Teleology of the Modern Nation-State, Encounters with Asia, University of Pennsylvania press, Philadelphia, pp. 87–104.

Shieh, Shaw (2014), “NGO Law Monitor”, available at: (accessed 11 January 2014).

Shue, Vivienne (2011), “The Political Economy of Compassion: China’s ‘Charity Supermarket’ Saga”, Journal of Contemporary China, No. 20/72, pp. 751–772.

Simon, Karla W. (2013), Civil Society in China: The Legal Framework from Ancient Times to the New Reform Era, Oxford University Press, OXford [UK], New York.

Smith, Steve A. (1996), “Workers, the Intelligentsia and Marxist Parties: St Petersburg, 1895–1917 and Shanghai, 1921–1927”, International Review of Social History, Vol. 41 No. 01, p. 1.

Spires, Anthony J. (2011), “Contingent Symbiosis and Civil Society in an Authoritarian State: Understanding the Survival of China’s Grassroots NGOs”, American Journal of Sociology, No. 117/1, pp. 1–45.

Thireau, Isabelle (Ed.) (2013), De Proche en Proche: Ethnographie des formes d'association en Chine contemporaine, Mondes de l'Extrême-Orient, Vol. 20, Lang, Bern, Berlin, Bruxelles, Frankfurt, M., New York, Oxford, Wien.

Thornton, Patricia (2007), Disciplining the State: Virtue, Violence, and State-Making in Modern China, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA & London.

Thornton, Patricia M. (2013), “The Advance of the Party: Transformation or Takeover of Urban Grassroots Society?”, The China Quarterly, pp. 1–18.

Wright, Teresa (2010), Accepting Authoritarianism: State-Society Relations in China's Reform Era, Stanford University Press, Stanford, Calif.

Yang, Katja M. and Alpermann, Björn (2014), “Children and Youth NGOs in China:. Social Activism between Embeddedness and Marginalization”, China Information, No. 28/3, pp. 311–337.

Zarrow, Peter G. (2012), After Empire: The Conceptual Transformation of the Chinese State, 1885-1924, Stanford University Press, Stanford, Calif.

Zhan, Xueyong and Tang, Shui-yan (2011), “Political Opportunities, Resources Constraints and Policy Advocacy of Environmental NGOs in China”, Public Administration, No. 91/2, pp. 381–399.

Zheng, Chenglin, and Yan, Peng (2014), “A Synopsis of the Symposium on ‘Civil Organizations and the State in Modern China'”, Journal of Modern Chinese History, No. 8/1, pp. 123–132.

Zhou, Jianxing, and Zhou, Jun (2012), “Chinese Civil Society Research in Recent Years: A Critical Review”, The China Review, No. 12/2, pp. 111–140.