Prof. Dr. Simon Wendt

Prof. Dr. Simon Wendt

Prof. Dr. Simon Wendt

office: IG 4.217
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Tel: 069/798-32368



Simon Wendt
is Associate Professor of American Studies.

Research and Teaching Interests
Modern U.S.History
African American History
Gender History
Memory and History
Heroism and Hero-Worship

Curriculum Vitae (PDF)




Current Research Projects:

The Daughters of the American Revolution and Patriotic Memory in the Twentieth Century

Everyday Heroism in Twentieth-Century America

Race, Gender, and Military Heroism
in U.S. History: From World War I to 9/11


Past Research Projects:

Marginalized Masculinities and
the American Nation:

African American and Native American Military Heroism, 1941-1978 (funded by the German Research Foundation, 2013-2016)


Past Conferences:

International Conference
"Everyday Heroism in the United States,
Germany, and Britain from the 19th
to the 21st Century," March 6-7, 2015
Conference Program 


International Conference
"Race, Gender, and Military Heroism in U.S.
History: From World War I to
9/11," March 20-21, 2015
Conference Program





Ed. Warring over Valor: How Race and Gender Shaped American Military Heroism in the Twentieth and Twenty-First Centuries. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 2019.

The Spirit and the Shotgun: Armed Resistance and the Struggle for Civil Rights. Gainesville:
University Press of Florida, 2007.

Ed. with Brian D. Behnken and Gregory D. Smithers. Black Intellectual Thought in Modern America: A Historical Perspective. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 2017.

Ed. Extraordinary Ordinariness: Everyday Heroism in the United States, Germany, and Britain, 1800 - 2015. Frankfurt: Campus, 2016.

Ed. with Tobias Endler, Till Karmann, and Martin Thunert. Zeitenwende 9/11? Eine transatlantische Bilanz. Opladen: Budrich, 2016.

Ed. with Pablo Dominguez. Masculinities and the Nation in the Modern World: Between Hegemony and Marginalization. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2015.

Ed. with Brian D. Behnken. Crossing Boundaries: Ethnicity, Race, and National Belonging in aTransnational World. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books, 2013.

Ed. with Manfred Berg. Globalizing Lynching History: Vigilantism and Extralegal Punishment from an International Perspective. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2011.

Ed. with Manfred Berg. Racism in the Modern World: Historical Perspectives on Cultural Transfer and Adaptation. New York: Berghahn, 2011.

Ed. with Michael Butter and Patrick Keller. Arnold Schwarzenegger: Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Body and Image. Heidelberg: Winter, 2011.

Journal Articles

“Defenders of Patriotism or Mothers of Fascism? The Daughters of the American Revolution, Antiradicalism, and Un-Americanism in the Interwar Period.” Journal of American Studies 47, no. 4 (November 2013): 943-969.

“Transnational Perspectives on the History of Race and Racism in North America.” Amerikastudien 54, no. 3 (2009): 473-498.

“Protection or Path toward Revolution? Black Power and Self-Defense.” Souls 9, no. 4 (October December 2007): 320-332.

“‘They Finally Found Out that We Really Are Men’: Violence, Non-Violence and Black Manhood in the Civil Rights Era.” Gender & History 19, no. 3 (November 2007): 543-564.

“God, Gandhi, and Guns: The African American Freedom Struggle in Tuscaloosa, Alabama, 1964 - 1965.” Journal of African American History 89, no. 1 (Winter 2004): 36-56.

“‘Urge People Not to Carry Guns’: Armed Self - Defense in the Louisiana Civil Rights Movement and the Radicalization of the Congress of Racial Equality.” Louisiana History 45, no. 3 (Summer 2004): 261-286.

“Southern Intellectuals and the Defense of Slavery: The Proslavery Thought of George Fitzhugh and Henry Hughes.” Southern Historian
23 (Spring 2002): 56-70

Book Chapters

“Instrument of Subjugation or Avenue for Liberation? African American Military Heroism in World War II and the Vietnam War.” In Warring over Valor: How Race and Gender Shaped American Military Heroism in the Twentieth and Twenty-First Centuries, ed. Simon Wendt, 57-78. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 2018.

“American Studies as a Multi/Inter/Transdisciplinary Endeavor? Problems, Challenges, and the Potential of Heroism for Collaborative Research.” In Projecting American Studies: Essays on Theory, Method, and Practice, ed. Frank Kelleter und Alexander Starre, 197-205. Heidelberg: Winter, 2018.

“‘The Thought of a Black Male with a Weapon Scares America’: African Americans, the Second Amendment, and the Racial Politics of Armed Self-Defense in the Civil Rights Era and Beyond” (with Rebecca Rössling). In The Second Amendment and Gun Control: Freedom, Fear, and the American Constitution, ed. Kevin Yuill and Joe Street, 65-82. New York: Routledge, 2018.

“Intellectual Predicaments: Black Nationalism in the Civil Rights and Post - Civil Rights Eras.” In Black Intellectual Thought in Modern America: A Historical Perspective , ed. Brian D. Behnken, Gregory D. Smithers, and Simon Wendt, 170-205. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 2017.

“Heldentum und Autorität in der US-amerikanischen Gesellschaft um 1900.” In Autorität: Krise, Konstruktion und Konjunktur , ed. Oliver Kohns, Till van Rahden, and Marc Roussel, 75-107. Paderborn: Fink, 2016.

“Eldridge Cleaver: Soul on Ice (1967) Oder: ‘I will not be free until the day I can have a white woman in my bed and a white man minds his own business.’” In Race & Sex: Eine Geschichte der Neuzeit, ed. Jürgen Martschukat and Olaf Stieglitz, 152-159. Berlin: Neofaris, 2016.

“White Elite Women, the Gendered Memory of Heroism, and American Nationalism, 1890-1939.” In Bewunderer, Verehrer, Zuschauer: Die Helden und ihr Publikum, ed. Ronald G. Asch and Michael Butter, 161-178. Würzburg: Ergon, 2016.

“Transnationalizing American and Transatlantic History: Chances and Challenges.” In American Studies Today: New Research Agendas, ed. Winfried Fluck, Erik Redling, Sabine Sielke, and Hubert Zapf, 3-24. Heidelberg: Winter, 2014.

“Nationalist Middle-Class Women, Memory, and Conservative Family Values, 1890-1945.” In Gender Roles and the Family: Changing Values and Norms in 20th-Century United States, ed. Isabel Heinemann, 31-58. Frankfurt: Campus, 2012.

“Bodybuilding, Male Bodies, and Masculinity in 19th and 20th Century America: Eugen Sandow and Arnold Schwarzenegger.” In Arnold Schwarzenegger: Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Body and Image, ed. Michael Butter, Patrick Keller, and Simon Wendt, 25-48. Heidelberg: Winter, 2011.

“Transnationalizing American Studies: Historians’ Perspectives,” (with Heike Bungert). In American Studies/Shifting Gears, ed. Birte Christ, Christian Kloeckner, Elisabeth Schäfer-Wünsche, and Michael Butter, 89-116. Heidelberg: Winter, 2010.

““We Were Going to Fight Fire with Fire”: Black Power in the South.” In Neighborhood Rebels: Black Power at the Local Level, ed. Peniel Joseph, 131-147. New York: Palgrave, 2010.

“Massenmedien und die Bedeutung von Helden und Stars in den USA (1890-1929).” In Medien und Imagepolitik im 20. Jahrhundert: Deutschland, Europa, USA, ed. Daniela Münkel and Lu Seegers, 187-205. Frankfurt: Campus, 2008.

“Martin Luther Kings Philosophie der Gewaltfreiheit–Prinzip oder Methode? Pazifismus, gewaltloser Protest und bewaffneter Widerstand in der afroamerikanischen Bürgerrechtsbewegung.” In Martin Luther King, Jr.: Leben, Werk und Vermächtnis, ed. Michael Haspel and Britta Waldschmidt-Nelson, 35-54. Weimar: Wartburg Verlag, 2008.

“Krieg und Heldentum in den USA: Die Heroisierung amerikanischer Soldaten vom Ende des Bürgerkriegs bis zum spanisch-amerikanischen Krieg.” In Krieg: Vergleichende Perspektiven aus Kunst, Musik und Geschichte, ed. Cord Arendes and Jörg Peltzer, 115-132. Heidelberg: Winter, 2007.

“Gewalt und Männlichkeit in der Black Power Bewegung.” In Väter, Soldaten, Liebhaber: Männer und Männlichkeiten in der Geschichte Nordamerikas, ed. Jürgen Martschukat and Olaf Stieglitz, 355-369. Bielefeld: Transcript, 2007.

“African Americans and Criminal Justice in the American South: The Convict Lease System, 1868-1928.” In Criminal Justice in Germany and the United States, ed. Manfred Berg, Stefan Kapsch, and Franz Streng, 19-28. Heidelberg: Winter, 2006.

“The Roots of Black Power? Armed Resistance and the Radicalization of the Civil Rights Movement.” In The Black Power Movement: Rethinking the Civil Rights - Black Power Era, ed. Peniel E. Joseph, 145-165. New York: Routledge, 2006.

Encyclopedia Articles

“Daughters of the American Revolution.” In Encyclopedia of American Social History, ed. Lynn Dumenil, 246-248. New York: Oxford University Press, 2012.

“Black Self-Defense;” “Deacons for Defense and Justice;” “Williams, Robert F.” In Encyclopedia of African American History, ed. Leslie Alexander and Walter Rucker, 665-667, 732-733, 1104-1105. Santa Barbara: ABL-CLIO, 2010.

“African American Resistance, Jim Crow Era;” “African American Resistance, Reconstruction
Era;” “American Slave Rebellions.” In International Encyclopedia of Revolution and Protest: 1500 to the Present, ed. Immanuel Ness, 16-19, 19-21, 88-90. New York: Blackwell, 2009.

“Civil Rights Movement.” In Encyclopedia of African American History, 1896-Present, ed. Paul Finkelman, 411-419. New York: Oxford University Press, 2009.

“Du Bois, W.E.B” and “Garvey, Marcus.” In Encyclopedia of the Jazz Age: From the End of World War I to the Great Crash, ed. James Ciment, 183-184, 256-257. New York: M.E. Sharpe, 2008.

“Bunche, Ralph (1904-1971);” “Gandhi, Mohandas (1869-1948);” “Kenyatta, Jomo (1897/1898?-1978);” “King, Martin Luther, Jr. (1929-1968);” “Mau Mau;” “Weathermen.” In Encyclopedia of the Cold War: A Political, Social, and Military History, ed. Spencer C. Tucker and Andrew McCormick, 214-215, 486-487, 711-712, 720-722, 832-383, 1417-1418. Santa Barbara: ABC-CLIO, 2007.

“Southern Christian Leadership Conference;” “Poor People’s Campaign;” “Selma March.” In Postwar America: An Encyclopedia of Social, Political, Cultural, and Economic History, ed. James Ciment, 987-989, 1103-1105, 1153-1155. New York: M.E. Sharpe, 2006.

“Parks, Rosa Louise.” In Encyclopedia of American Lives, ed. Arnold Markoe, Karen Markoe, and Kenneth T. Jackson. Vol. 7, 413-415. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 2006.

“Nonviolent Direct Action and the Civil Rights Movement”; “Congress of Racial Equality”; “Racial Violence and the Civil Rights Movement.” In Encyclopedia of American Social Movements, ed. Immanuel Ness. Vol. 1, 202-207; 208-211; 222-226. New York: M.E. Sharpe, 2004.

“Sullivan, Leon Howard;” “Williams, Hosea Lorenzo.” In The Scribner Encyclopedia of American Lives, ed. Kenneth T. Jackson. Vol. 6, 500-502, 569-571. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 2004.

“Cold War (1945-1950), The Start of the Atomic Age.” In Encyclopedia of Espionage, Intelligence, and Security, ed. K. Lee Lerner and Brenda Wilmoth Lerner. Vol. 1, 230-233. New York: Gale, 2004.

“Malcolm X (Malik El-Shabazz).” In The Scribner Encyclopedia of American Lives: The 1960s, ed. William L. O’Neill. Vol. 2, 37-40. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 2003.

Book Reviews

Charles E. Cobb Jr., This Nonviolent Stuff'll Get You Killed: How Guns Made the Civil Rights Movement Possible. New York: Basic Books, 2014. American Historical Review 120, no. 2(April 2015): 672-673.

The Black Power Mixtape 1967-1975. Dir. by Göran Hugo Olsson. Prod. by Annika Rogell, Joslyn Barnes, and Danny Glover. Louverture Films, 2011. Journal of American History 99, no. 1 (June 2012): 380-382.

Paul Alkebulan, Survival Pending Revolution: The History of the Black Panther Party. Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press, 2007. Journal of African American History 94, no. 1 (2009): 125-127.

Mark Newman, The Civil Rights Movement. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2004. Journal of Southern History 74, no. 1 (2008): 229.

in the News

in the News

Die Deutsche Börse Photography Foundation

lädt im Rahmen ihrer aktuellen Ausstellung „Gordon Parks. I Am You. Selected Works 1942–1978“ herzlich zu einem Gesprächsabend am 11. Dezember ab 18 Uhr in The Cube, Eschborn, ein:

Wir freuen uns, gemeinsam mit zwei außergewöhnlichen Experten – der Filmwissenschaftlerin Prof. Dr. Annette Brauerhoch sowie dem Juniorprofessor der Amerikanistik Dr. Simon Wendt – einen Blick auf das filmische, fotografische und politische Wirken von Gordon Parks werfen zu können. Inwiefern haben sich sein Schaffen als Fotoreporter und Filmregisseur sowohl thematisch als auch ästhetisch gegenseitig beeinflusst? Gelang es ihm, mit seinen Fotografien der Ausbeutung und Diskriminierung von Minderheiten entgegenzuwirken? Welchen Einfluss hatte die amerikanische Bürgerrechtsbewegung auf seinen Blick auf die Welt? Mit diesen und weiteren Fragen möchten wir versuchen, uns dem Multitalent Gordon Parks und seinem vielschichtigen Werk anzunähern.


Prof. Dr. Annette Brauerhoch unterrichtet Filmwissenschaft an der Universität Paderborn. Sie ist Autorin zahlreicher Publikationen zu Filmgenres, Filmgeschichte und feministischer Filmtheorie, Avantgarde- und Experimentalfilm sowie langjährige Mitherausgeberin der Zeitschrift Frauen und Film.

Jun.-Prof. Dr. Simon Wendt ist seit 2010 Assistant Professor am Institut für England- und Amerikastudien (IEAS). Er ist Autor zahlreicher Bücher zur Geschichte der Vereinigten Staaten vom 20. Jhd. bis zur Gegenwart. Zu seinen Forschungsschwerpunkten zählen neben der amerikanischen Bürgerrechtsbewegung auch Patriotismus, Heldentum sowie Race und Gender in Militär- und Zivilgesellschaft.

Das Gespräch findet ab 19 Uhr in deutscher Sprache im Foyer in The Cube, Eschborn, statt. Zuvor kann ab 18 Uhr die Ausstellung besichtigt werden.


21.08.2017: Simon Wendt im Kulturzeit-Gespräch: Der Kampf um die Erinnerung - inwiefern spaltet dieser heute Amerika?

18.08.2017: Simon Wendt zum Thema "Gewalt in Charlottesville Warum Südstaatengeneral Robert E. Lee die USA bis heute spaltet"