Dr. Mahdi Vazin

University of Jiroft/Iran



Campus Westend                      
IG Farben Haus
Raum IG 6.554


Title: "The commercial activity of the Zoroastrians of Yazd during the Qajar period in the 19th century" (with emphasis on unpublished documents)

Iranian Zoroastrians were a very active religious minority in the political and economic fields in the 19th and 20th centuries. An important part of them lived in the city of Yazd. The city of Yazd is located in the center of Iran. Zoroastrians had many economic relations with other countries including India. Zoroastrian merchants had commercial offices in different cities of Iran as well as some important cities in the world. They exported and imported many goods. Many financial and commercial archival documents have been left from Zoroastrians, which are collected and analyzed in this project.

In the political arena, Zoroastrians had serious challenges with the rulers of the Qajar period, and the desire for a free and developed Iran brought them into the atmosphere of the Iranian constitutional revolution at the beginning of the 20th century.

In this project, we will answer the following questions:

  1. What was the volume of foreign and domestic trade of Yazd Zoroastrians?
  2. In the absence of a banking system in Iran, how did Zoroastrians manage their finances?
  3. What goods did they export and import?
  4. How did they try to continue their business activities in front of the institution of power and religion?

Research focus and research interests

  • Religious minorities in Qajar period in Iran
  • Relations between Iran and Ottomans in the Qajar period
  • Social history in the contemporary history of Iran

Short biography

2018-2024     Assistant Professor Department of History and Archeology University of Jiroft, Kerman, Iran
2011-2015 Ph.D History of Islamic Iran, University of Esfahan, Iran
2007-2010 Master of Science, History of Islamic Iran, University of Tehran, Iran
2003-2007 Bachelor of Science, History, University of Tehran, Iran


  1. Mahdi Vazin Afzal (2011), Fath-Ali Shah's Politics in Qom and Fatemeh Ma'sumeh's shrine development, Journal of Research in History, University of Tehran, Volume 1, Issue 3, Page 101-119
  2. Mahdi Vazin Afzal (2011), Expansion of Fatemeh Ma'sumeh Shrine and Increase of Qom Pilgrims in Naser al-Din Shah Period, Journal of Research in History, University of Tehran, Volume 2, Issue 3, Page 65-76.
  3. Mahdi Vazin Afzal (2011), Establishment and expansion of Qom's Hospital (Darol Shafa) of Qajar Era, scientific journal of History research,Volume 6, Issue 24, Page 189-208.
  4. Mahdi Vazin Afzal; Hossein Isma'ili Nasrabadi (2011), The Investigation of Convergence and Divergence of Ash'arids and Hanbalids in Saljuqid era in Baqdad (429-465 after hijrah), Journal of Islamic History, Volume 12, Issue 47, Page 153-183.
  5. Mahdi Vazin Afzal (2011), Establishment of the Telegraph House and Consulate of England in the ports and islands of Hormozgan, Published in the Persian Gulf Book Collection from yesterday to tomorrow, Ferdowsi University Press, Mashhad, Iran, Page 183-208
  6. Mahdi Vazin Afzal: Sabah Ganbari (2012), Explanation and Analysis of Tehran-Qum Highway Concession During Naser al-Din Shah Period, Journal of Cultural History Studies, Volume 3 - Issue 10, Page 103-132.
  7. Mahdi Vazin Afzal: Zabiollah Azami Sardo (2012), Entry of Potato to Iran as a Major Transition in Traditional Agriculture of Qajar Era, Journal of Cultural History Studies, Volume 3 - Issue 12, Page 131-155.
  8. Mohamad hasaan Behnamfar: Mahdi Vazin Afzal (2013), Reading and correcting the thesis of Nizam al-Din Ahmad Gilani about the properties of some plants, Journal of Islamic and Iranian Traditional Medicine, Volume 4 - Issue 3, Fall 12, Page 266-274.
  9. Mahdi Vazin Afzal (2013), The Balochistan Authority through the rulers of Kerman from the time of Nasir al-Din Shah to the early Pahlav, Journal of Payame Baharestan, Volume 5, Issue 19, Page 247-255.
  10. Mahdi Vazin Afzal; Morteza Nouraei; Ali Akbar Jaafari (2015), Naser al-Din Shah Qajar and the Tsarist Russia Goals and Policies in Developing Roads in Guilan Province: Analysis of Ghazvin-Anzali road Concession, Journal of National Library and Archives of I. R. Iran, Volume 25, Issue 1, Spring 2015, Page 52-80
  11. Mahdi Vazin Afzal; Morteza Nouraei; Ali Akbar Jaafari (2016), Policies and Challenges of Naser al-Din Shah Qajar in Developing Mazandaran Carriageway, Journal of Historical Researches, University of Sistan and Baluchestan, Volume 10, Issue 19, Page 235-260
  12. Mahdi Vazin Afzal (2019), The Economic and political benefits of Russia and England on the Road in the Qajar period, New History, University of Tarbiat Modares in the Tehran, Volume 9, Issue 26, Page 3-37.
  13. Mahdi Vazin Afzal (2019), The views and positions of the influential classes of the Qajar community on road construction, National Archives Journal, Volume 16, Issue 26, Page 3-37.
  14. Mahdi Vazin Afzal (2019), Pahlavi's modernist policies in urban structure and its impact on historical context (Case Study: Yazd City 1310 - 1332 AD), Journal of History of Islam and Iran, Volume 30 - Issue 42.
  15. Mahdi Vazin Afzal (2019), The role of engineer Albert Gasteiger-Khan in creating and developing a road network in Iran during the Qajar period, Journal of National Library and Archives of I. R. Iran,
  16. Mahdi Vazin Afzal (2019), Security, Border and Diplomacy of Iran-Russia Diplomacy in the North Khorasan Borders during Nasser-e-Din Shah (Case Study: Kalat Naderi). Journal of Greate Khorasan, Volume 8 - Issue 33.
  17. Ali Abolghasemi, Mahdi Vazin Afzal (2021), Genealogical Tribal Identity and the Challenges of Bayat Province in Ilam from the Seljuk to the Qajar Period. Journal of farhange ellam (Culture of Ilam(, Volume 21, Issue 66.
  18. Mahdi Vazin Afzal (2021), Problems of Ziegler Company in exporting Iranian hand-woven carpets during the Qajar period, Iranian Journal of Foreign Relations, Volume 21 - Issue 84.
  19. Ali Abolghasemi, Mahdi Vazin Afzal (2021), The local family of Shamleh of Khuzestan in the center of escape from the Seljuks (from 548 to 591 AH)), History of Islam, Volume 22 - Issue 87.
  20. Mahdi Vazin Afzal, Mahdi Dehghani (2022), The place of chess in the Qajar period with the emphasis on chess treatises, Iranian Civilization Research, Volume 1 - Issue 7.
  21. Mahdi Vazin Afzal, (2021), The position of Kars in Iran's security and military challenges and Ottoman from Safavid period to Nader Shah period with emphasis on sources Ottoman Turkish, The Historical Study Of War, Volume 4 - Issue 4.
  22. Mahdi Vazin Afzal, (2022), The place of chess in the Qajar period with the emphasis on chess treatises, Iranian Civilization Research, Volume 4, Issue 1.
  23. Mahdi Vazin Afzal, (2023), The Islamic-Iran military alliance plan against Russia centered on the role of Abbas Mirza, The Historical Study Of War, Volume 6 - Issue 6.


Mahdi Vazin Afzal (2020), Albert Gasteiger-Khan Mohandes Bashi (Reports, Travelogues and Documents of Albert Gasteiger-Khan, Austrian Road Engineer in Nasser al-Din Shah period) 1860-1889. Jiroft University Publisher.
Mahdi Vazin Afzal (2021), Evliya Celebi Travel to Safavid Iran (Four trips by the Ottoman expatriate Celebi to Iran In the period of Shah Safi and Shah Abbas II of Safavid) 1056-1077 AD / 1667-1646. Jiroft University Publisher.